Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (72)
A diet rich in fiber helps adults
reduce the risk of heart disease
Calorie needs decline after the age of 30 years or so because
basal metabolism declines
In post-menopausal women, a daily calcium intake of 1200 mg
slows bone loss and maintains density
Which of the following can help decrease the risks of cataracts?
LOng term use of aspirin or aspirin like medications can deplete
What nutrient may prevent macular degeneration?
Which of the following would be an important sign of dehydration?
Which of the following is the primary cause of Vitamin B-12 deficiency?
Inadequate intake of ______ in adults may contribute to loss of bone strength and mental confusion
What is the term for a person's pattern of living that includes food choices, exercise patterns, and substance abuse?
Diminished lean body mass, increased fat stores, and decreased body water are all,primary changes in body composition that occur in the _________ years
Which of the following would be he best strategy for successful aging?
Maintaining lean muscle mass
What is the benefit of maintaining lean body mass in elderly?
Keep body fat low
True or false. Increases in body weight are common in adults over the age of 70.
To maintain lean tissue and basal metabolic rate, exercise should be done at least ___ times each week.
What are some recommended responses to a decrease in vision as a result of age?
*avoid tobacco products
*eat a diet rich in carotenoids
What lifestyle behaviors can protect the cardiovascular system?
*eating a low-fat diet
* exercising regularly
What are the best methods to preserve lung function?
*do not smoke
* be physically active
* eat a diet rich in antioxidants
What is the main intestinal problem for older people?
Exercise and adequate fiber and water intake are important in the prevention of
How much aerobic exercise should an adult strive to get each day?
True or false. Balance exercises can be beneficial to older adults who are at risk for falling
An example of complementary medicine is
Massage therapy and acupuncture along with medications to control pain
Maintaining ____________ mass may be the most important strategy for successful aging
How frequently should an adult strength train each week?
2 times or more
Compared to a healthy 30-year-old adult, it takes twice as long for the kidneys of a(n) ______ year-old to remove wastes and restore blood levels to normal after eating excess protein.
What are some popular and unproven "remedies" for arthritis?
A small change, like social isolation as a result of a spouse's passing, that leads to a chain of events (deteriorated diet, health decline, and inability to care for one's self) is called
the domino effect
As adulthood progresses, the rate of hormone synthesis and will: