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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (72)
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1

A diet rich in fiber helps adults

reduce the risk of heart disease

2

Calorie needs decline after the age of 30 years or so because

basal metabolism declines

3

In post-menopausal women, a daily calcium intake of 1200 mg

slows bone loss and maintains density

4

Which of the following can help decrease the risks of cataracts?

Vitamin E

5

LOng term use of aspirin or aspirin like medications can deplete

iron reserves

6

What nutrient may prevent macular degeneration?

Vitamin A

7

Which of the following would be an important sign of dehydration?

confusion

8

Which of the following is the primary cause of Vitamin B-12 deficiency?

Atrophic gastritis

9

Inadequate intake of ______ in adults may contribute to loss of bone strength and mental confusion

magnesium

10

What is the term for a person's pattern of living that includes food choices, exercise patterns, and substance abuse?

Lifestyle

11

Diminished lean body mass, increased fat stores, and decreased body water are all,primary changes in body composition that occur in the _________ years

Older adult

12

Which of the following would be he best strategy for successful aging?

Maintaining lean muscle mass

13

What is the benefit of maintaining lean body mass in elderly?

Keep body fat low

14

True or false. Increases in body weight are common in adults over the age of 70.

False

15

To maintain lean tissue and basal metabolic rate, exercise should be done at least ___ times each week.

2

16

What are some recommended responses to a decrease in vision as a result of age?

*avoid tobacco products
*eat a diet rich in carotenoids

17

What lifestyle behaviors can protect the cardiovascular system?

*not smoking
*eating a low-fat diet
* exercising regularly

18

What are the best methods to preserve lung function?

*do not smoke
* be physically active
* eat a diet rich in antioxidants

19

What is the main intestinal problem for older people?

Constipation

20

Exercise and adequate fiber and water intake are important in the prevention of

Constipation.

21

How much aerobic exercise should an adult strive to get each day?

30 minutes

22

True or false. Balance exercises can be beneficial to older adults who are at risk for falling

True

23

An example of complementary medicine is

Massage therapy and acupuncture along with medications to control pain

24

Maintaining ____________ mass may be the most important strategy for successful aging

Lean muscle

25

How frequently should an adult strength train each week?

2 times or more

26

Compared to a healthy 30-year-old adult, it takes twice as long for the kidneys of a(n) ______ year-old to remove wastes and restore blood levels to normal after eating excess protein.

80

27

What are some popular and unproven "remedies" for arthritis?

*food restrictions
*nutrient supplements
*unusual diets

28

A small change, like social isolation as a result of a spouse's passing, that leads to a chain of events (deteriorated diet, health decline, and inability to care for one's self) is called

the domino effect

29

As adulthood progresses, the rate of hormone synthesis and will:

slow

30

Provides transfer (debit) cards to purchase food

SNAP