Chapter 16 Glossary- General Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Glossary- General Pharmacology Deck (17)
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1

aspirin

a medication used to reduce the cloying ability of blood and treat clots associated with myocardial infarction.

2

atomizer

a device attached to the end of a syringe that atomized medications (turns it into very fine droplets).

3

contraindications

specific signs or circumstances under which it is not appropriate and may be harmful to administer a drug to a patient.

4

enteral

referring to a route of medication administration that uses the gastrointestinal tract, such as swallowing a pill.

5

epinepherine

a drug that helps to construct the blood vessels and relax passages of the airway. it may be used to counter a severe allergic reaction.

6

indications

specific signs or circumstances under which it is appropriate to administer a drug to a patient.

7

inhaler

a spray device with a mouhpiece that contains an aerosol form of medication that a patient can spray into his airway.

8

naloxone

an antidote for narcotic overdoses.

9

nitroglycerin

a drug that helps to dilate the coronary vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood.

10

oral glucose

a form of glucose (a kind of sugar) given by mouth to treat an awake patient (who is able to swallow) with an altered mental status and a history of diabetes.

11

oxygen

a gas commonly found in the atmosphere. pure oxygen is used as a drug to treat any patient whose medical or traumatic condition may cause him to be hypoxic, or low in oxygen.

12

parenteral

referring to a route of medication administration that does not use the gastrointestinal tract, such as an intravenous medication.

13

pharmacodynamics

the study of the effects of medications on the body.

14

pharmacology

the study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and their effects.

15

side effect

any action of a drug other than the desired action.

16

untoward effect

an effect of a medication in addition to its desired effect that may be potentially harmful to the patient.

17

the five rights

do I have the right patient.
is it the right time to administer the medication.
is this the right medication.
is this the right dose.
am I giving this medication by the right route of administration.