Flashcards in Chapter 5 Glossary- Medical Terminology Deck (91)
four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury
the standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy. in this position, the body is standing erect, facing the observer, with arms down at the sides and the palms of the hands forward.
the study of body structure.
the front of the body or body part.
on both sides.
a word root with an added vowel that can be joined with other words, roots, or suffixes to form a new word; for example, the combining form therm/o added to meter makes the new word thermometer.
a word formed from two or more while words; for example, the compound smallpox formed from small and pox.
farther away from the torso. see also proximal.
referring to the back of the body or the back of the hand or foot. a synonym for posterior.
a sitting position.
away from the head, usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head (e.g., the lips are inferior to the nose).
to the side, away from the midline of the body.
toward the midline of the body.
a line drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle.
the line through the center of each clavicle.
an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body dividing it into right and left halves.
referring to the palm of the hand.
the study of the body function.
a flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object.
referring to the sole of the foot.
the back of the body or body part.
word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or qualify its meaning; for example, the prefix bi-added to the word lateral forms the word bilateral.
lying face down.
closer to the torso. see also distal.
lying on the side. also called lateral recumbent position.
foundation of a word that is not a word that can stand on its own, for example, the root cardi, meaning "heart", in words such as cardiac and cardiology.
word part added to the end of a root or word to complete its meaning; for example, the suffix -otis added to the root laryng forms the word laryngitis.
toward the head (e.g., the chest is superior to the abdomen).
lying on the back.