Chapter 17 Glossary- Respiratory Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Glossary- Respiratory Emergencies Deck (7)
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1

bronchoconstriction

constriction, or blockage, of the bronchi that lead from the trachea to the lungs.

2

continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

a form of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) consisting of a mask and a means of blowing oxygen or air into the mask to prevent airway collapse or to help alleviate dificulty breathing.

3

exhalation

another term for expiration.

4

expiration

a passive process in which the intercostal (rib) muscles and the diaphragm relax, causing the chest cavity to decrease in size and force air into the lungs.

5

inhalaion

another term for inspiration.

6

inspiration

an active process in which the interview (rib) muscles and the diaphragm contract, expanding the size of the chest cavity and causing air to flow into the lungs.

7

acute coronary syndrome (ACS)

a blanket term used to represent any symptoms related to lack of oxygen (ischemia) in the heart muscle. also called cardiac compromise.