Chapter 19 Glossary- Diabetic Emergencies And Altered Mental Status Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Glossary- Diabetic Emergencies And Altered Mental Status Deck (18)
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1

aura

a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the seizure, which might be a smell, sound, or general feeling.

2

diabetes mellitus

also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes", the condition brought about by decreased insulin production or the inability of the body cells to use insulin properly. the person with this condition is a diabetic.

3

diabetic ketoacidosis

a condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), characterized by dehydration, altered mental status, and shock.

4

epilepsy

a medical condition that causes seizures.

5

generalized seizure

a seizure that affects both sides of the brain.

6

glucose

a form of sugar, the body's basic source of energy.

7

hyperglycemia

high blood sugar.

8

hypoglycemia

low blood sugar.

9

insulin

a hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication by many diabetics.

10

partial seizure

a seizure that affects only one part or one side of the brain.

11

postical phase

the period of time immediately following a tonic-clonic seizure in which the patient goes from full loss of consciousness to fill mental status.

12

reticular activating system (RAS)

series of neurologic circuits in the brain that control the functions of staying awake, paying attention, and sleeping.

13

seizure

a sudden change in sensation, behavior, or movement. the most severe form of seizure produces violent muscle contractions called convulsions.

14

sepsis

infection, especially a severe, systemwide response to infection.

15

status epilepticus

a prolonged seizure or situation when a person suffers two or more conclusive seizures without regaining full consciousness.

16

stroke

a condition of altered function caused when an artery in the brain is blocked or ruptured, disrupting the supply of oxygenated blood or causing bleeding into the brain. formerly called a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).

17

syncope

fainting.

18

tonic-clonic seizure

a generalized seizure in which the patient loses consciousness and has jerking movements of paired muscle groups.