Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (33):
1

Rules Discoverable by reason that govern scientific forces (example: Gravity)

Natural Laws

2

Thought people were crude, greedy, and selfish; wrote the Leviathan

Thomas Hobbes

3

thought people deserved Life Liberty Property optimistic
Wrote Treatises of government if government fails to protect the people's natural rights then th people have the right to overthrow the government

John Locke

4

an actual or hypothetical agreement among the members of an organized society or between a community and its ruler that defines and limits the rights and duties of each

Social Contract

5

Natural rights

Rights a person is born with, like life, liberty, property

6

one of the deistic or materialistic writers and thinkers of the 18th century French Enlightenment

Philosophes

7

Wrote THE SPIRIT OF THE LAWS
THE BEST WAY TO PROTECT LIBERTY IS TO DIVIDE UP THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT INTO BRANCHES

Montesquieu

8

is the most famous of the philosophes

Voltaire

9

produced the ENCYCLOPEDIA, a 28- volume set of books filled with articles written by enlightenment thinkers of the day.

Diderot

10

Wrote the social contract

Rousseau

11

a philosophy or practice characterized by a usually deliberate abstention from direction or interference especially with individual freedom of choice and action

Laissez Faire

12

Wrote THE WEALTH OF THE NATIONS
Supply and demand

Adam Smith

13

the restricting of access to ideas and information

Censorship

14

Informal social gatherings

Salons

15

Art
Grand and ornate, glorified battle and the lives of the saints.

Baroque Art

16

Art
Light, elegant, charming, encouraged the imagination.

Rococo Art

17

freed from ignorance and misinformation a ruler with absolute power and authority
most radical of these

enlightened despots. Joseph II

18

King of Prussia from 1740-1786

Frederick the Great

19

Empress of Russia who increased the empire greatly; Enlightenment despot

Catherine the Great

20

most radical of the enlightened despots.

Joseph II

21

wanted to assert his power in the colonies.

King George III

22

import tax on any paper goods

Stamp Act

23

Continental army was led by

George Washington

24

Wrote most of the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson

25

all power comes from the people

Popular sovereignty

26

Surrender of the British Army in

Yorktown, Virginia

27

Ended war

Treaty of Paris

28

Father of the Constitution

James Madison

29

Tried to appeal the Stamp Act

Benjamin Franklin

30

Power divided between the Federal, National and state

Federal Republic

31

Explain and compare the views of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Thomas Hobbes thinks people are crude greedy and selfish
Leviathan- proposed a "social contract" where people give up their freedom for the privilege of an organized society. John Locke things people deserve Life Liberty Property optimistic
Treatises of government if government fails to protect the people's natural rights then th people have the right to overthrow the government

32

How might the outcome of the American Revolution been different if France hadn't participated?

Great Britain would have won and the would be no US and no constitution or anything like that. We would not have advanced. We would not be the great country we are today. We would be an okay country but Great Britain would've been the US. They would be advanced have all the cool electronics and stuff.

33

What was the protest used by the colonists and what did it mean

They were protesting against the stamp act. It raised the taxes on paper products. Paper was pretty much in everything that the colonists used. They had to pay higher taxes for the newspaper, stamps, and etc. It meant they were going to be firm and stick up for what they thought was right.