Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (33):
Rules Discoverable by reason that govern scientific forces (example: Gravity)
Thought people were crude, greedy, and selfish; wrote the Leviathan
thought people deserved Life Liberty Property optimistic
Wrote Treatises of government if government fails to protect the people's natural rights then th people have the right to overthrow the government
an actual or hypothetical agreement among the members of an organized society or between a community and its ruler that defines and limits the rights and duties of each
Rights a person is born with, like life, liberty, property
one of the deistic or materialistic writers and thinkers of the 18th century French Enlightenment
Wrote THE SPIRIT OF THE LAWS
THE BEST WAY TO PROTECT LIBERTY IS TO DIVIDE UP THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT INTO BRANCHES
is the most famous of the philosophes
produced the ENCYCLOPEDIA, a 28- volume set of books filled with articles written by enlightenment thinkers of the day.
Wrote the social contract
a philosophy or practice characterized by a usually deliberate abstention from direction or interference especially with individual freedom of choice and action
Wrote THE WEALTH OF THE NATIONS
Supply and demand
the restricting of access to ideas and information
Informal social gatherings
Grand and ornate, glorified battle and the lives of the saints.
Light, elegant, charming, encouraged the imagination.
freed from ignorance and misinformation a ruler with absolute power and authority
most radical of these
enlightened despots. Joseph II
King of Prussia from 1740-1786
Frederick the Great
Empress of Russia who increased the empire greatly; Enlightenment despot
Catherine the Great
most radical of the enlightened despots.
wanted to assert his power in the colonies.
King George III
import tax on any paper goods
Continental army was led by
Wrote most of the Declaration of Independence
all power comes from the people
Surrender of the British Army in
Treaty of Paris
Father of the Constitution
Tried to appeal the Stamp Act
Power divided between the Federal, National and state
Explain and compare the views of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Thomas Hobbes thinks people are crude greedy and selfish
Leviathan- proposed a "social contract" where people give up their freedom for the privilege of an organized society. John Locke things people deserve Life Liberty Property optimistic
Treatises of government if government fails to protect the people's natural rights then th people have the right to overthrow the government
How might the outcome of the American Revolution been different if France hadn't participated?
Great Britain would have won and the would be no US and no constitution or anything like that. We would not have advanced. We would not be the great country we are today. We would be an okay country but Great Britain would've been the US. They would be advanced have all the cool electronics and stuff.