Chapter 30 Flashcards Preview

Semester 2 History > Chapter 30 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 30 Deck (47):
0

_ and _ were the two great powers after WWII

United States; Soviet Union

1

- the tense line between democratic west and communist east

Iron curtain

2

_ was a key focus of Cold War tensions

Berlin

3

_ was built to stop people from leaving east Berlin.

Berlin Wall

4

- mutually assured destruction

Arms race

5

SALT-

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (Disarmament talks)

6

- relaxation of tensions during the 1970's

Détente

7

Most serious Cold War conflict involved the island nation of _.

Cuba

8

was the dictator of Cuba.

Fidel Castro

9

_- Soviet Union sent Nuclear Missiles to Cuba

1962

10

_- keeping communism within its existing boundaries and preventing its expansion.

Containment

11

_ led a hunt for suspected American communists which contributed to the fear (mostly unproven charges ).

Senator Joseph McCarthy

12

During the Cold War, _ was the world's wealthiest and most powerful country

the us

13

Goods, services and trade needed by other countries allowed _

the us to achieve a huge postwar boom

14

_ needed by other countries allowed the us to achieve a huge postwar boom

Goods, services and trade

15

_ wealth was a model for other democracies and a challenge to stagnant communism

America's

16

affluence (wealth) led to suburbanization : the movement of communities outside an urban core

American

17

: the movement of communities outside an urban core

suburbanization

18

- forced separation

Segregation

19

- unequal treatment

Discrimination

20

- Supreme Court Case

1954; Brown v. Board of education of Topeka
Declared that segregated schools were unconstitutional

21

Mlk jr.

1963
"I have a dream" speach given
To extend equal rights to ALL Americans

22

airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of West Berlin when the Soviet Union closed off land access to Berlin Nicknamed

Berlin Airlift- (1948); "operation vittles”

23

German voters approved reunification (_ years after WWII ended)

1990;45

24

- country with a market economy but with increased government responsibility for the social and economic needs of the people

Welfare states

25

led programs to reduce social welfare programs. Iron Lady.

Margaret thatcher- (Britain)

26

USA ended occupation in Japan

1952

27

One reason for Japan's huge rise in GDP was

their ability to cut theimilitary spending because they had American protection.

28

- eastern part of the mainland Southeast Asia

Indochina

29

- small groups of loosely organized soldiers making surprise raids (strongly influenced by _

Guerrillas;communism

30

_- Vietnam became a Cold War Issue
_ _

1954
USA helped south Vietnam
Soviet Union helped for North Vietnam

31

- the view that a communist victory in the south Vietnam would cause non communist governments across Southeast Asia to fall to communism

Domino theory

32

- communist rebels trying to overthrow South Vietnam's government (aided national liberation front)

Viet Cong

33

_ gave the Pres. permission to use all necessary measures in S. Vietnam. (_)

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution;1964

34

Marked a turning point in American public opinion

Tet offensive

35

Ultimate end of the war =

2 years later, S. Vietnam controlled by the war

36

US agreed to withdraw troops

(1973)

37

- dictator of Cambodia; reign of terror - Death of over a million Cambodians. Used

Pol pot;(killing fields)

38

- _ put a huge strain on the already inefficient economy and they could no keep up - (led to the downfall of the Soviet Union)

Soviet economic inferiority; arms race

39

_- Soviet Union at war with Afghanistan known as soviet unions "_" because like _, the war in Afghanistan was _

1979; Vietnam; long and costly

40

-Muslim religious warriors

Mujaheddin

41

_- mikhail Gorbachev did

1985;glasnost (openness) ended censorship

42

- restructuring of the government and the economy

Perestroika

43

As the Soviet Union crumbled- _ demanded freedom - weakening _ even further

Eastern Europeans; the S.U

44

_ was a turning point for communism

The collapse of the Sov. Un.

45

_ rapidly deteriorated without _

Cuba;the aid of the Soviet Union

46

The sole power of the _ caused a _ world reaction

USA; mix