Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (44):
1

First estate

Clergy

2

Second estate

Titled nobility of French society

3

Third estate

Most diverse of all social classes

4

Hit and run warfare

Guerrilla warfare

5

to incorporate (a country or other territory) within the domain of a state

Annex

6

Bourgeoisie

Third, middle class

7

Military tactic when you destroy everything in your path when you are retreating so that the people that you are retreating from can't get to you

Scorched earth policy

8

when a government spends more than it takes in

Deficit spending

9

weak and indecisive

Louis XVI

10

financial expert and advisor to King Louis XVI

Jacques Necker

11

a popular vote by ballot

Plebiscite

12

a legislative body consisting of representatives of the three French estates

estates general

13

notebooks that listed the grievance of each estate

Cahiers

14

A small, dissenting group within a larger one

Faction

15

Step down from power

Abdicate

16

Leader of the National Guard

Marquis de Lafayette

17

Executed for publicly expressing her views and demanding equal rights 4 women

Olymphe de Gouges

18

Reported to have said "Let them eat cake!"

Marie Antoinette

19

People who fled France and the revolutionary forces

Émigrés

20

The working class

Sans-Culottes

21

a government run by elected representatives

Republic

22

radicals

Jacobins

23

the right to vote

Suffrage

24

Conforming to the law or rulers

Legitimacy

25

The Incoruptable, leader of the committee of public safety

Robespierre

26

Primary tool in the Reign of terror, the National razor

Guillotine

27

Loyalty and devotion to a nation

Nationalism

28

A city and port on the Mediterranean coast of southern France

Marseilles

29

He was a consul and emperor, beginning of fall of Napoleon

Invading Russia in 1812

30

denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious and spiritual basis

Secular

31

In the post-Napoleonic era, the vague consensus among the European monarchies favouring preservation of the territorial and political status quo.

Concert of Europe

32

symbol of abuse by the absolute monarchy

Bstille

33

Working class

Third estate

34

new code of law that embodied Enlightenment principles but valued order and authority over the rights of the individuals.

Napoleonic code

35

to form a French Constitution

Tennis Court Oath

36

Modeled after the American Constitution, states that all men are "born and remain free and equal in rights"

Declaration of the Rights of Man

37

Set up a limited monarchy in place of absolutism

Constitution of 1791

38

The chief goals of ______________________________ were to preserve peace through the balance of power and to restore and protect the system of the monarchy.

Congress of Vienna

39

National assembly's debt

~7.9bn

40

Those who supported the Revolution

Revolutionaries

41

the goal of the ________________________________ is to prepared for all out war

Mass levy of 1793

42

puts King Louis XVI on trial

Radical convention

43

Causes of the Revolution

Absolute Monarchy
Social injustice
Economic issues

44

List some of the ways that the French and American Revolution were similar. How were they different?

all had many causes, but opposition to a monarch strengthened the desire to revolt. All were attempts to topple the unchecked power of monarchy, America was a colony revolting against its monarch in another part of the world, whereas the French/English revolutions was conducted inside the country. Varying levels of violence, fighting and social unrest