Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (37):
1

neur/o

nervous system, nervous tissue, nerve

ex. 'neurotrophin' - factor that promotes nerve growth

2

neur/i

nervous system, nervous tissue, nerve

3

gli/o

neuroglia

ex. 'glial' - pertaining to neuroglia

4

gangli/o

ganglion

ex. 'ganglioma' - tumor of ganglion

5

ganglion/o

ganglion

6

mening/o

meninges

ex. 'meningocele' - hernia of the meninges

7

meninge/o

meninges

8

myel/o

spinal cord (also bone marrow)

ex. 'hematomyelia' - hemorrhage into the spinal cord

9

radicul/o

spinal nerve root

ex. 'radiculopathy' - any disease of a spinal nerve root

10

encephal/o

brain

ex. 'anencephaly' - absence of a brain

11

cerebr/o

cerebrum
(loosely, brain)

ex. 'infracerebral' - below the cerebrum

12

cortic/o

cerebral cortex, outer portion

ex. 'corticospinal' - pertaining to the cerebral cortex and spinal cord

13

cerebell/o

cerebellum

ex. 'supracerebellar' - above the cerebellum

14

thalam/o

thalamus

ex. 'thalamotomy' - incision of the thalamus

15

ventricul/o

cavity, ventricle

ex. 'intraventricular' - within a ventricle

16

medull/o

medulla oblongata (also spinal cord)

ex. 'medullary' - pertaining to the medulla

17

psych/o

mind

ex. 'psychogenic' - originating in the mind

18

narc/o

stupor, unconsciousness

ex. 'narcosis' - state of stupor induced by drugs

19

somn/o

sleep

ex. 'somnolence' - sleepiness

20

somn/i

sleep

21

Suffix: phasia

speech

ex. 'heterophasia' - uttering words that are different from those intended

22

Suffix: lalia

speech, babble

ex. 'coprolalia' - compulsive use of obscene words

23

Suffix: lexia

reading

ex. 'bradylexia' - slowness in reading

24

Suffix: plegia

paralysis

ex. ' tetraplegia' - paralysis of all four limbs

25

Suffix: paresis

partial paralysis, weakness

ex. 'hemiparesis' - partial paralysis of one side of the body

26

Suffix: lepsy

seizure

ex. 'narcolepsy' - condition marked by sudden episodes of sleep

27

Suffix: phobia

persistent, irrational fear

ex. 'agoraphobia' - fear of being in a public place

28

Suffix: mania

excited state, obsession

ex. 'megalomania' - exaggerated self importance

29

Nervous system

The network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body.

30

Neuroglia

The support cells of the nervous system (glial cells)

31

Ganglion

A collection of neuron cell bodies outside the CNS

32

Meninges

The three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord.

33

Cerebrum

Large upper portion of the brain , it is divided into two hemispheres

34

Cerebral cortex

The cerebrums thin surface layer of grey matter

35

Cerebellum

Posterior part of the brain, helps to coordinate movement and to maintain balance and posture

36

Thalamus

Part of the brain that receives all sensory input

37

Medulla oblongata

The portion of the brain that connects with the spinal cord. Controls respiration, heart rate, blood pressure.