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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (137):
1

Acute

Short course, sudden, severe

2

Benign

Not recurrent or malignant, tumor that does not spread.

3

Carcinoma

Malignant neoplasm (harmful growth of tissue) in epithelial cells

4

Chronic

Long duration

5

Cyst

Abnormal fluid filled sac

6

Edema

Fluid in tissues; swelling

7

Etiology

Cause of disease

8

Gram stain

Lab test that divides bacteria into gram-positive (purple) or gram-negative (red).

9

Hernia

Rupture, protrusion of organ through abnormal opening.

10

Inflammation

Tissue injury that invloves: heat, pain, redness and swelling.

11

Lesion

Wound, damaged tissue

12

Malignant

Harmful, causes death, tumour that spreads

13

Metastasis

Spreads from one body part to another, cancer does this.

14

Microorganism

Small organism that can only be seen by a telescope

15

Necrosis

Death of tissue

16

Necr/o

Death

17

Cyst/o

Fluid filled sac; bladder, gallbladder, cyst
Ex. Cystic - pertaining to or having cysts

18

Neoplasm

Abnormal growth of tissue (tumor)

19

Plasm

Formation

20

Parasite

Organism that grows on another (host) causing damage to that host.

21

Pathogen

Organism capable of causing disease

22

Path/o

Disease

23

Phagocytosis

Ingestion of organisms by a cell such as waste or bacteria that is then destroyed.

24

Prolapse

Dropping downward displacement of organ

25

Pus

Product of inflammation resulting in fluid and white blood cells

26

Sarcoma

Malignant neoplasm arising from connective tissue

27

Sepsis

The presence of harmful microorganisms or toxins in blood or tissue.

28

Toxin

Poison

29

py/o

Pus

30

Sarco

Flesh

31

tox/o toxic/o

Toxin
ex. endotoxin - toxin within bacterial cells

32

Trauma

Physical or psychological wound

33

alg/o

pain
Ex. algesia - condition of having pain

34

algi/o

pain
Ex. algesia - condition of having pain

35

algesi/o

pain
Ex. algesia - condition of having pain

36

carcin/o

cancer, carcinoma
Ex. Carcinoid - resembling a carcinoma

37

lith

calculus, stone
Ex. lithiasis - stone formation

38

onc/o

tumor
Ex. oncogenic - causing a tumor

39

pyr/o

fever, fire
Ex. pyrexia - fever

40

pyret/o

fever, fire
Ex. pyrexia - fever

41

scler/o

hard
ex. sclerosis - hardening of tissue

42

Prefix: brady

slow
ex. bradypnea - slow breathing rate

43

pnea

breathing

44

Prefix: dys

abnormal, painful, difficult
ex. dysplasia - abnormal development of tissue

45

plas

tissue

46

Prefix: mal

bad, poor
ex. malabsorption - poor absorption of nutrients

47

Prefix: pachy

thick
ex. patchycephaly - abnormal thickness of skull

48

Prefix: tachy

Rapid
ex. tachycardia - rapid heart rate

49

cardi/o

heart

50

Prefix: xero

dry
ex. xeroderma - dry skin

51

Suffix: algia

pain
ex. neuralgia - pain in nerve

52

neur/o

nerve

53

Suffix: algesia

pain
ex. neuralgia - pain in nerve

54

Suffix: cele

hernia, localized dilation
ex. gastrocele - hernia of stomach

55

gastr/o

stomach

56

Suffix: clasis

breaking
ex. karyoclasis - breaking of nucleus

57

Suffix: clasia

breaking
ex. karyoclasis - breaking of nucleus

58

Suffix: itis

inflammation
ex. cystitis - inflammation of urinary bladder

59

Suffix: megaly

enlargement
ex. hepatomegaly - enlargement of liver

60

hepat/o

liver

61

Suffix: odynia

pain
ex. urodynia - pain on urination

62

ur/o

urination

63

Suffix: oma

tumor
ex. lipoma - tumor of fat cells

64

Suffix: pathy

any disease of
ex. nephropathy - any disease of kidney

65

nephr/o

kidney

66

Suffix: rhage

bursting forth, profuse flow
ex. hemorrhage - profuse flow of blood

67

Suffix: rhagia

bursting forth, profuse flow
ex. hemorrhage - profuse flow of blood

68

Suffix: rhea

flow, discharge
ex. pyorrhea - discharge of pus

69

Suffix: rhexis

rupture
ex. amniorrhexis - rupture of amniotic sac

70

Suffix: schisis

Fissure, splitting
ex. retinoschisis - splitting of retina

71

my/o

muscle

72

Suffix: dilation

expansion, widening
ex. vasodialation - widening of blood vessels

73

vas/o

blood vessels

74

Suffix: dilatation

expansion, widening
ex. vasodialation - widening of blood vessels

75

Suffix: ectasia

dilation, distension
ex. gastrectasia - dilation of stomach

76

Suffix: ectasis

dilation, distension
ex. gastrectasia - dilation of stomach

77

Suffix: edema

swelling
ex. cephaledema - swelling of head

78

Suffix: lysis

separation, loosening, dissolving
ex. dialysis - separation of substances by passage through membrane

79

dia

membrane

80

Suffix: malacia

softening
ex. craniomalacia - softening of skull

81

crani/o

skull

82

Suffix: ptosis

dropping, downward displacement
ex. blepharoptosis - drooping of eyelid

83

blephar/o

eyelid

84

Suffix: sclerosis

hardening

85

Suffix: spasm

sudden contraction, cramp
ex. arteriospasm - spasm of artery

86

Suffix: stasis

suppression, stoppage
ex. menostasis - suppression of menstrual flow

87

Suffix: stenosis

narrowing, constriction
ex. bronchostenosis - narrowing of bronchus

88

Prefix: staphyl/o

grape like cluster
ex. staphylococcus - round cluster bacteria

89

Prefix: strept/o

twisted chain
ex. streptobacillus - rod bacteria that form chains

90

bacill/i

bacillus - gram positive rod shaped bacteria

91

bacill/o

bacillus - gram positive rod shaped bacteria

92

bacteri/o

bacterium

93

myc/o

fungus/mold

94

vir/o

virus

95

acid fast stain

Staining method to identify TB

96

communicable

contagious

97

endemic

Occuring at low level but continuously in a given region.
ex. the common cold

98

epidemic

affecting many people in a given region at the same time

99

exacerbation

worsening of disease or symptoms

100

iatrogenic

caused by the effects of treatment

101

idiopathic

No known cause

102

in situ

Localized, noninvasive. (in position)
ex. tumors that do not spread

103

normal flora

normal microorganisms/bacteria that are found in the body

104

nosocomial

infection acquired in a hospital

105

opportunistic

an infection that occurs because of a hosts poor or altered condition

106

pandemic

a disease that is prevalent throughout a region or the world.
ex. AIDS in africa

107

remission

a period where disease symptoms lessen

108

septicemia

presence of pathogenic bacteria in blood (blood poisoning)

109

systemic

Pertaining to the whole body

110

abscess

localized collection of pus

111

adhesion

uniting of two surfaces/parts that may normally be separated

112

anaplasia

lack of normal differentiation, as shown by cancer cells

113

ascites

collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

114

cellulitis

a spreading inflammation of tissue

115

effusion

escape of fluid into cavity or other body part

116

exudate

material that escapes from blood vessels as a result of tissue injury

117

fissure

groove or split

118

fistula

an abnormal passage between two organs or an organ to the surface of the body

119

gangrene

death of tissue, caused by lack of blood supply or bacterial infection

120

hyperplasia

excessive growth of normal cells in normal arrangement

121

hypertrophy

increase in the size of an organ without increase in number of cells (muscles from increased activity)

122

induration

Hardening, abnormally hard spot

123

metaplasia

conversion of cells to a form that is not normal for that tissue

124

Prefix: meta

change

125

polyp

a tumor attached by a thin stalk

126

purulent

forming or containing pus

127

suppuration

pus formation

128

AF

Acid Fast

129

CA, Ca

Cancer

130

CIS

Carcinoma in Situ

131

FUO

Fever of Unknown Origin

132

Gm+

Gram Positive

133

Gm-

Gram negative

134

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

135

Staph

Staphylococcus

136

Strep

Streptococcus

137

VRSA

Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus