Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (22):
What is Reconstruction?
Rebuilding the former Confederate states and readmitting them to the Union
Compare Lincoln's 10 Percent Plan with the Radical Republican plan.
Lincoln's 10 Percent Plan wanted to forgive the South, and the Radical Republicans wanted a harsher readmission process
What was the Freedman’s Bureau?
Agency that helped African Americans make the transition to freedom
Where was Lincoln assassinated?
Who assassinated President Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
What building was the location where Lincoln died?
Who becomes the 17th President of the United States?
What was the significance of the 13th Amendment?
Abolished slavery in 1865
What was the significance of the 14th Amendment?
Gave full citizenship to anyone born in the U.S. including A-A's in 1866
What was the significance of the 15th Amendment?
Gave A-A men the right to vote in 1870
What did 14 African Americans do in Tennessee in the late 1800's?
They served in the states general assembly, state senate and Representatives
Who won the Election of 1868?
Ulysses S. Grant
What were carpetbaggers?
Northerners that moved to the South during Reconstruction to find wealth by bringing industry to the region
What did the name scalawags mean?
Name used by former Confederate to describe some white Southerners that were pro-Union
What was the largest terrorist group in America that was against African-American rights?
The Ku Klux Klan
What was unique about Rutherford B. Hayes' victory in the Election of 1876?
More electoral votes, but less popular votes than Tilden
What were the purpose of poll taxes and literacy tests in many Southern states?
To keep A-A's from voting
What is segregation?
Separation of the races
What were Jim Crow Laws?
Laws that required A-A's and whites to be separated in almost every public place.
What did the court case Plessy v Ferguson say about segregation?
It would be legal as long as it was separate AND equal
What was an exoduster?
African Americans that left the South after the War