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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (44):
0

Who sent the Spanish Armada to try and convert England back to Catholicism?

King Phillip 2

1

What was the first English settlement in America?

Roanoke

2

Who established Roanoke?

Sir Walter Raleigh

3

What was the word left behind on Roanoke Island that John White saw when he returned?

Croaton

4

What are documents that gave rights to establish settlements from King James I?

Charters

5

What is a joint-stock company?

Investors buy stock to help set the settlement up

6

What was the settlement established by the Virginia Company?

Jamestown

7

Who was the first governor of the Jamestown settlement?

Captain John Smith

8

What crop saved Jamestown?

Tobacco

9

Who married the daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas?

John Rolfe

10

What was the legislative assembly of Jamestown?

The House Of Burgesses

11

What was the official Church of England after the Protestant Reformation?

Anglican Church

12

Who were the Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church?

Puritans

13

Who were the Protestants who wanted to leave and set up their own churches?

Separatists

14

Who were the separatists who came to the colonies for religious freedom?

Pilgrims

15

What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims came to America on?

Mayflower

16

What percentage of Pilgrims passed away after their first winter?

50%

17

Who were the two people showed the Pilgrims how to grow crops and where to hunt and fish?

Squanto and Samoset

18

What Native American group participated in the First Thanksgiving?

Wampanoag tribe

19

What was the Puritan society that was based on the Bible?

Mass. Bay colony

20

What was the Great Migration?

During the 1630's over 15,000 Puritans went to Mass. To escape persecution and economic struggles in England

21

What city and colony did Thomas Hooker establish?

Hartford and Connecticut

22

What was special about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?

First written constitution in America

23

What was the Native American name for King Phillip?

Metacomet, the Wampanoag chief

24

What was the name of the Dutch Colony in North America?

New Netherland

25

What was the main settlement of the Dutch colony?

New Amsterdam on Manhattan island

26

What was the name of the landowners who received grants to increase New Netherland's population?

Patroons

27

After the British take over this Dutch colony what was its name changed to?

New York

28

What was the name of the colony founded by William Penn?

Pennsylvania

29

What religious belief did William Penn follow that was known to be tolerant of other people’s views?

Pacifists

30

What is a pacifist?

People who refuse to fight in wars or use force

31

What was the economy of the Southern Colonies driven by?

Plantations

32

What were indentured servants?

Laborer under contract to an employer in exchange for their transportation, food, and lodging

33

What colony was founded by George Calvert?

Maryland

34

What law granted Maryland residents the right to worship freely?

Act of Toleration

35

What is the cultural boundary between the Northern and Southern Colonies?

The Mason-Dixon Line

36

Who led a rebellion and was called “the greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia”?

Nathaniel Bacon

37

What were the two main crops mentioned about North Carolina?

Tobacco and timber

38

What were the two main crops mentioned about South Carolina?

Rice and indigo

39

What was the colony founded in New France?

Louisiana

40

Who were settlers that paid their landlord an annual rent & worked a fixed number of days each year?

Tenant famers

41

Which country had the best relations with the Native Americans at this time?

The French

42

What three types of people did the Spanish send to settle New Mexico?

Soldiers, settlers, and missionaries

43

What were missions?

Religious settlements to convert Native Americans to Catholicisms