Chapter 18 - Huelskamp Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Huelskamp Deck (24)
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1

genocide

the deliberate mass murder of a particular racial, political, or cultural group.

2

ethnic cleansing

policy of killing or forcibly removing an ethnic group from its lands

3

civil disobedience

refusal to obey laws considered to be unjust

4

compensation

payment

5

volunteer

one who joins the military voluntarily

6

cease

to come to an end

7

Shanghai Massacre

killing of thousands of communists in China when Chian Kai-shek turned on his communist allies in April 1927

8

guerrilla tactics

using unexpected methods like sabotage and deception to fight the enemy

9

Mao Zedong

leader of the communist party in China

10

Kemal Ataturk

leader of Turkey that tried to modernize the country after the overthrow of the government in 1923

11

Reza Shah Pahlavi

king of Iran that began to modernize the country following WWI

12

People's Liberation Army

name for the communist army fighting the Chinese civil war

13

redistribution of wealth

the shifting of wealth from a rich majority to a poor minority

14

Pan-Africanism

a belief in the unity of all Africans

15

Ho Chi Minh

leader of communist forces in Vietnam

16

Mohandaas Ghandi

independence leader in India that believed in non-violence and civil disobedience

17

Jawaharlal Nehru

independence leader in India that wanted to modernize India and was willing to use violence to achieve his ends

18

Muslim League

group under the leadership of Mohammed Ali Jinnah that wanted a separate Muslim state (Pakistan) from India

19

Good Neighbor Policy

foreign policy of Franklin Roosevelt towards Latin America rejecting the use of military force

20

oligarchy

government controlled by a few people

21

Institutional Revolutionary Party

political party that control Mexico after the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1920

22

Lazaro Cardenas

president of Mexico that redistributed land to the peasants

23

PEMEX

the national oil company of Mexico

24

nationalize

government siezure of private business and placing it under government control and direction