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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (28)
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1

Ruhr Valley

Germany's chief industrial and mining region

2

Dawes Plan

reduced Germany's reparation payments and coordinated them with Germany's ability to pay

3

Treaty of Locarno

guaranteed Germany's western border with France and Belgium

4

Kellog-Briand Pact

sixty-three nations signed an agreement to renounce war, but nothing was said about what would happen if anybody went to war

5

depression

period of low economic activity and rising unemployment

6

Weimar Republic

democratic government that governed Germany from the end of WWI to the rise of Hitler

7

collective bargaining

the right of unions to negotiate with employers over wages and hours

8

John Maynard Keynes

British economist that believed that during recessions governments should put people to work on public works projects to stimulate demand

9

deficit spending

occurs when the government spends more money than it collects in taxes

10

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

President of the U.S. during the Great Depression that pushed New Deal policy through Congress

11

New Deal

various legislation passed in the U.S. during the Great Depression to stimulate economic growth

12

totalitarian state

government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens

13

fascism

politial philosophy that glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central governmment led by a dictatorial ruler

14

Benito Mussolini

Fascist leader of Italy from 1922-1943

15

New Economic Policy (NEP)

economic plan of modified capitalism instituted by Lenin to grow the Soviet economy

16

Politburo

the Communist Party's main policy-making body

17

Jospeh Stalin

Dictator of the USSR from 1928-1953; responible for the deaths of millions

18

Five-Year Plans

economic goals set by the Soviet government

19

Collectivization

system in which private farms are eliminated and pooled into government owned farms worked by the peasants

20

Francisco Franco

Dictator of Spain from 1936-1975

21

Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Germany from 1933-1945; responsible for WWII and the Holocaust

22

Nazi

National Socialist German Workers' Party

23

Reichstag

the German parliament

24

Enabling Act

allowed Hitler to rule as a dictator by ignoring the constitution

25

concentration camps

prison camps for those that opposed the Nazi regime

26

Heinrich Himmler

leader of the SS

27

Kristallnacht

"night of the broken glass" Nazi burning of synagoges and Jewish shops on November 9, 1938 in retalliation for the death of a German diplomat in Paris

28

Nuremberg Laws

laws that defined who was a Jew and therefore open to discrimination and persecution