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Flashcards in Imperialism Deck (25)
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1

a system of government in which local elites are removed from power and replaced by a new set of officials from the mother country

direct rule

2

an Indian soldier hired by the British East India Company to protect the company's interests in the region

sepoy

3

colonial government in which local rulers are allowed to maintain their positions of authority and status

indirect rule

4

govenors who ruled as the representatives of a monarch

viceroys

5

incorporated territory into an existing political unit, such as a city or country

annexed

6

native to a region

indigenous

7

people born on the Iberian peninsula who typically lived temporarily in Latin America for political or economic gain and then returned to Europe

peninsulares

8

people of European descent born in the New World and living there permanently

creoles

9

people of mixed European and Native American ancestry

mestizos

10

political unit that depends on another government for its defense

protectorate

11

the extension of a nation's power over other lands

imperialism

12

Ottoman army officer that seized control of Egypt in 1805

Muhammad Ali

13

Indian independence leader whose methods were based on nonviolent resistance

Mohandas Gandhi

14

amendment to the Cuban constitution that allowed the US to invade whenever "orderly government" was in danger

Platt amendment

15

an area in which a foreign country gained complete control over a region and its local population

colony

16

Area in which two nations rule as partners

condominium

17

Businessman and leader in southern Africa that wanted to build a railway from Cairo to Cape Town

Cecil Rhodes

18

Canal built by the US to facilitate shipping between the Atlantic and Pacific

Panama Canal

19

colonies in which non-European majorities were ruled by relatively few European colonial officials

dependent colonies

20

a crop that is grown for sale rather than for personal use

cash crop

21

Conflict in which France agreed to reocognize British claims in the Sudan in return for recognition in West Africa

Fashoda Crisis

22

Russian plan to build a railway across Manchuria

Trans-Siberian Railway

23

Sea lane in Egypt built by the French that the British considered vital to communication with India

Suez Canal

24

political organization that sought the independence of all Indians regardless of class or background

Indian National Congress

25

The system of governing colonies in much the same way that parents guide their children

Paternalism