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Flashcards in French Revolution Deck (27)
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1

Weak, but well intentioned king of France prior to the French Revolution

Louis XVI

2

Czar of Russia who represented his country at the Congress of Vienna

Alexander I

3

King of France after the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars

Louis VXIII

4

member of the French middle class

bourgoisie

5

persons with no extreme views who may side with either conservatives or radicals depending upon the issue

moderates

6

Diplomat that represented Austria at the Congress of Vienna

Metternich

7

the draft

conscription

8

One of the great military and political leaders of the world, he became Emperor of France in 1804 and lost Waterloo in 1815

Napoleon Bonaparte

9

persons who do not want to change existing conditions

conservatives

10

pride in and love of one's country

nationalism

11

an overthrow of state; a sudden change in government

coup d'état

12

Leader of the Peninsular Campaign and the general who led Napoleon's defeat

Duke of Wellington

13

procedure used to submit a new constitution to the people for a vote

Plebiscite

14

system of government in which absolute monarchs ruled according to the principles of the enlightenment

enlightened despotism

15

consisted of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church

First Estate

16

persons who want to institute far reaching changes

radicals

17

British Admirial killed in the British victory of Trafalgar

Horatio Nelson

18

compensation paid to a country for damages inflicted on it

indemnity

19

extremists who not only oppose change, but would like to turn back the clock before certain changes occured

reactionaries

20

principle after the Napoleonic wars of restoring former ruling families to their thrones

legitimacy

21

consisted of the nobility

Second Estate

22

Leader of the Committee of Public Safety and one of the chief architects of the Reign of Terror who was himself beheaded

Maximillian Robespierre

23

political movement stressing indvidual rights and the rule of law rather than the rule of monarchs

Liberalism

24

Diplomat who represented Great Britain at the Congress of Vienna

Lord Castleraugh

25

King of France during War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War)

Louis XV

26

consisted of the peasantry and bourgeoisie

Third Estate

27

Diplomat that represented France at the Congress of Vienna

Talleyrand