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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (53):
1

Corn could not persist without human cultivation

True

2

Some corn hybrids are adapted to grow in places with a growing season as short as 70 days

True

3

Flour corn is more resistant to fungi and insects than is flint corn

False

4

Most corn grown today is hybrid corn

True

5

Wheat is adapted to warm tropical climates

False

6

Soft wheat has a greater protein content compared to hard wheat

False

7

Rice is a primary grain crop fo over 50% of the world's population

True

8

Rice is very productive when grown under drier conditions

False

9

Wild pie is commonly used as livestock feed

False

10

Barley can be used as a substitute for wheat in making raised bread

False

11

Oats are still valued as a feed for horses

True

12

Sorghum ranks fourth in importance worldwide as a human food crop after corn, rice and wheat

True

13

Rice in most of the world is cultivated using highly mechanized techniques

False

14

Sweet sorghum is being investigated as an alternative biofuel

True

15

Based on acreage and economic value, which of the following crops is the most important in the United States
A. Rice
B. Wheat
C. Soybean
D. Corn

D. Corn

16

On a corn plant, the male flowers are called:
A. The Silk
B. The Tassel
C. The Ear
D. The Husk

B. The Tassel

17

Which is the most widely grown corn type?
A. Flint
B. Flour
C. Pod
D. Dent

D. Dent

18

Which of the following corn types has very little starch?
A. Flint
B. Pop
C. Sweet
D. Pod

C. Sweet

19

The leading use of corn is:
A. As Livestock Feed
B. In Sweeteners
C. As Corn on the Cob
D. In Processed Corn Products

A. As Livestock Feed

20

Which of the following crops is known as the "staff of life"?
A. Corn
B. Wheat
C. Barley
D. Oats

B. Wheat

21

The number of tillers on a wheat plant typically ranges from:
A. 1 to 2
B. 3 to 5
C. 5 to 10
D. 10 to 20

B. 3 to 5

22

Which type of flour is made by grinding the entire wheat grain?
A. Self-Rising Flour
B. Bleached Enriched Flour
C. White Flour
D. Whole Wheat Flour

D. Whole Wheat Flour

23

Which of the following is used like a cereal grain but is actually a member of the Polygonaceae family?
A. Buckwheat
B. Triticale
C. Spelt
D. Emmer Wheat

A. Buckwheat

24

Wild rice is a:
A. Cool Season Annual Plant
B. Warm Season Annual Plant
C. Cool Season Perennial Plant
D. Warm Season Perennial Plant

A. Cool Season Annual Plant

25

The two leading states for commercial wild rice production are:
A. Texas and Wisconsin
B. Texas and California
C. Minnesota and California
D. Wisconsin and Minnesota

C. Minnesota and California

26

Which of the following grains is known for it's cholesterol-lowering capability?
A. Oats
B. Barley
C. Rye
D. Wheat

A. Oats

27

Grain sorghum is produced primarily in which two states?
A. Illinois and Minnesota
B. California and Washington
C. North and South Dakota
D. Kansas and Texas

D. Kansas and Texas

28

Which of the following is commonly used as a winter cover crop?
A. Corn
B. Buckwheat
C. Rye
D. Rice

C. Rye

29

Which of the following grains is adapted to high altitudes?
A. Corn
B. Quinoa
C. Amaranth
D. Buckwheat

B. Quinoa

30

Which of the following is a native grass with potential usage as a biofuel?
A. Switchgrass
B. Wheatgrass
C. Tall Fescue
D. Kentucky Bluegrass

A. Switchgrass

31

Tall fescue toxicosis is due to which of the following?
A. Moldy Tall Fescue
B. A Bacteria in Tall Fescue
C. Overeating of Tall Fescue
D. A Fungus in Tall Fescue

D. A Fungus in Tall Fescue

32

The two commonly-used cereal crops native to the Americans are ________ and _______

Corn and Wild Rice

33

The _______ is the area of the United States where corn average and production are concentrated

Corn Belt

34

______ wheats are planted in the fall and mature in the spring, whereas ______ wheats are planted in the spring and mature in the fall

Winter and Spring

35

The compound protein in wheat that is important in bread making is _______

Gluten

36

The two types or subspecies of rich that are widely grown are _______ and _______

Japonica and Indica

37

_______ is the process where the seed coating of barley is removed for human consumption

Pearling

38

_______ millet is the most widely grown millet

Pearl

39

Bread Wheat

Triticum aestivum

40

Rice

Orza sativa

41

Corn

Zea mays

42

Oats

Avena sativa

43

Sorghum

Sorghum app.

44

Wild Rice

Zizania aquatica

45

Durum Wheat

Triticum turgidum var. durum

46

Barley

Hordeum vulgare

47

Rye

Secale cereale

48

Big Bluestem

Warm Season

49

Reed Canarygrass

Cool Season

50

Smooth Bromegrass

Cool Season

51

Switchgrass

Warm Season

52

Bermuda grass

Warm Season

53

Kentucky Bluegrass

Cool Season