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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (21):

Appurtenance (n.)

something subordinate to another, more important thing; adjunct; accessory.
Law. a right, privilege, or improvement belonging to and passing with a principal property.
appurtenances, apparatus; instruments.


Awl (n.)

a pointed instrument for piercing small holes in leather, wood, etc.


Approbation (n.)

approval; commendation.
official approval or sanction.
Obsolete . conclusive proof.


Atavism (n.)

the reappearance in an individual of characteristics of some remote ancestor that have been absent in intervening generations.
an individual embodying such a reversion.


Acrophobia (n.)

a pathological fear of heights.


Aerie (n.)

the nest of a bird of prey, as an eagle or a hawk.
a lofty nest of any large bird.
a house, fortress, or the like, located high on a hill or mountain.
Obsolete . the brood in a nest, especially of a bird of prey.


Appellation (n.)

a name, title, or designation.
appellative(def 1).
the act of naming.


Apotheosis (n.)

the elevation or exaltation of a person to the rank of a god.
the ideal example; epitome; quintessence: This poem is the apotheosis of lyric expression.


Bowdlerize (v.)

to expurgate (a written work) by removing or modifying passages considered vulgar or objectionable.


Caulk (v.)

to fill or close seams or crevices of (a tank, window, etc.) in order to make watertight, airtight, etc.
to make (a vessel) watertight by filling the seams between the planks with oakum or other material driven snug.
to fill or close (a seam, joint, etc.), as in a boat.
to drive the edges of (plating) together to prevent leakage.


Bilk (v.)

— verb (used with object)

to defraud; cheat: He bilked the government of almost a million dollars.
to evade payment of (a debt).
to frustrate: a career bilked by poor health.
to escape from; elude: to bilk one's pursuers.


Coiffure (n.)

a style of arranging or combing the hair.
a head covering; headdress.


Chase (v.)

a rectangular iron frame in which composed type is secured or locked for printing or platemaking.
Building Trades. a space or groove in a masonry wall or through a floor for pipes or ducts.
a groove, furrow, or trench; a lengthened hollow.
Ordnance .
the part of a gun in front of the trunnions.
the part containing the bore.


Capillary (adj.)

pertaining to or occurring in or as if in a tube of fine bore.
resembling a strand of hair; hairlike.
pertaining to capillarity.
of or pertaining to the apparent attraction or repulsion between a liquid and a solid, observed in capillarity.
Anatomy . pertaining to a capillary or capillaries.
— noun

Anatomy . one of the minute blood vessels between the terminations of the arteries and the beginnings of the veins.
Also called capillary tube. a tube with a small bore.


Burlesque (v.)

an artistic composition, especially literary or dramatic, that, for the sake of laughter, vulgarizes lofty material or treats ordinary material with mock dignity.
any ludicrous parody or grotesque caricature.
Also, bur·lesk. a humorous and provocative stage show featuring slapstick humor, comic skits, bawdy songs, striptease acts, and a scantily clad female chorus.


Chary (adj.)

cautious or careful; wary: He was chary of investing in oil wells.
shy; timid.
fastidious; choosy: She is excessively chary about her friends.
sparing (often followed by of ): chary of his praise.


Catholic (adj.)

broad or wide-ranging in tastes, interests, or the like; having sympathies with all; broad-minded; liberal.
universal in extent; involving all; of interest to all.
pertaining to the whole Christian body or church.


Capacious (adj.)

capable of holding much; spacious or roomy: a capacious storage bin.



gold or silver considered in mass rather than in value.
gold or silver in the form of bars or ingots.
Also called bullion fringe. a thick trimming of cord covered with gold or silver thread, for decorating uniforms.
embroidery or lace worked with gold wire or gold or silver cords.


Bouillon (n.)

a clear, usually seasoned broth made by straining water in which beef, chicken, etc., has been cooked, or by dissolving a commercially prepared bouillon cube or cubes in hot water.


Canto (n.)

one of the main or larger divisions of a long poem.