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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (21):

Congruence (n.)

the quality or state of agreeing or corresponding.
Mathematics . a relation between two numbers indicating that the numbers give the same remainder when divided by some given number. Compare residue(def 4b).


Didactic (adj.)

intended for instruction; instructive: didactic poetry.
inclined to teach or lecture others too much: a boring, didactic speaker.
teaching or intending to teach a moral lesson.
didactics, (used with a singular verb) the art or science of teaching.


Continence (n.)

self-restraint or abstinence, especially in regard to sexual activity; temperance; moderation.
Physiology . the ability to voluntarily control urinary and fecal discharge.


Concatenate (v.)

to link together; unite in a series or chain.


Deciduous (adj.)

shedding the leaves annually, as certain trees and shrubs.


Concave (adj.)

curved like a segment of the interior of a circle or hollowsphere; hollowand curved. Compare convex(def 1).
Geometry . (of a polygon) having at least one interior angle greater than 180°.
Obsolete , hollow.


Conjecture (n.)

the formation or expression of an opinion or theory without sufficient evidence for proof.
an opinion or theory so formed or expressed; guess; speculation.
Obsolete . the interpretation of signs or omens.


Descry (v.)

to see (something unclear or distant) by looking carefully; discern; espy: The lookout descried land.
to discover; perceive; detect.


Countenance (v.)

appearance, especially the look or expression of the face: a sad countenance.
the face; visage.
calm facial expression; composure.
approval or favor; encouragement; moral support.
Obsolete . bearing; behavior.


Contrite (adj.)

caused by or showing sincere remorse.
filled with a sense of guilt and the desire for atonement; penitent: a contrite sinner.


Demur (n.)

to make objection, especially on the grounds of scruples; take exception; object: They wanted to make him the treasurer, but he demurred.
Law. to interpose a demurrer.
Archaic. to linger; hesitate.


Dingy (adj.)

of a dark, dull, or dirty color or aspect; lacking brightness or freshness.
shabby; dismal.


Demotic (adj.)

of or pertaining to the ordinary, everyday, current form of a language; vernacular: a poet with a keen ear for demotic rhythms.
of or pertaining to the common people; popular.
of, pertaining to, or noting the simplified form of hieratic writing used in ancient Egypt between 700 b.c. and a.d. 500.


Concomitant (adj.)

existing or occurring with something else, often in a lesser way; accompanying; concurrent: an event and its concomitant circumstances.


Desultory (adj.)

lacking in consistency, constancy, or visible order, disconnected; fitful: desultory conversation.
digressing from or unconnected with the main subject; random: a desultory remark.


Cynosure (n.)

something that strongly attracts attention by its brilliance, interest, etc.: the cynosure of all eyes.
something serving for guidance or direction.


Cow (v.)

to frighten with threats, violence, etc.; intimidate; overawe.


Cursory (adj.)

going rapidly over something, without noticing details; hasty; superficial: a cursory glance at a newspaper article.


Disembark (v.)

to go ashore from a ship.
to leave an aircraft or other vehicle.


Decry (v.

to speak disparagingly of; denounce as faulty or worthless; express censure of: She decried the lack of support for the arts in this country.
to condemn or depreciate by proclamation, as foreign or obsolete coins.


Consanguinity (n.)

relationship by descent from a common ancestor; kinship (distinguished from affinity).
close relationship or connection.