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Source of all political power

God

1

Types of Gov

Anarchy
socialism
communism
democracy
monarchy

2

Anarchy

Absence of Gov.

3

Socialism

Gov. owns part of the means of production

4

Communism

Gov. owns ALL of the means of production

5

Democracy

People Rule

6

Absolute Monarchy

King has absolute power

7

Constitutional Monarchy

King shares power w/ the people

8

Factors of production

1) land
2) labor
3) capital
4) entrepreneurship
5) technology

9

4 basic economic questions

1) what should be made?
2) how much should be produced?
3) what methods should be used?
4) how should goods and services be distributed

10

Magna Carta

Attempt to limit authority of king

11

3 principles of Magna Carta

1) rights to trial by jury
2) due process of law is guaranteed
3) no taxation w/o consent

12

English common law

1) Precedent
2) all men are equal under law
3) life, liberty, and property may not be taken away illegally

13

Precedent

Practice of judges basing decisions on previous cases

14

Nicole Machiavelli

The Prince

15

The Prince

1) the best for of government is one which citizens felt a patriotic attachment to the state
2) effective rulers act only in their political interest

16

Bishop Bossuet

Political Ideas Derived from the Very Words of Holy Scriptures

17

Political Ideas Derived from the Very Words of Holy Scriptures

1) absolutism
2) divine right of kings

18

James 1

Free Law of Free Monarchy

19

Free Law of Free Monarchy

1) Absolutism
2) king is responsible to God alone
3) king is father, people are children

20

Jean Bodin

Six Books of the Republic

21

Six books of the republic

1) Every country has to have supreme power
2) king must be subject to natural law
3) Legis Summi Imperii "Salic Law"

22

Salic Law

No women ruler

23

English Petition of Rights

Limit Royal Authority
1) could not levy taxes
2) cant imprison w/o specific charge or trial jury
3) can't courter soldiers in private homes w/o owners consent

24

3 ideas of English Civil War and Commonwealth

1) Absolute monarchy was destroyed
2) House of Commons becomes dominate political power
3) Opposition to a standing army

25

Thomas Hobbes

Leviathan

26

Leviathan

Without gov. it would be chaos

27

Act of Habeas Corpus

1) guarantees a promo hearing for legal authorities
2) if arrested illegally the arrestee is punished

28

English Bill of Rights

King can't w/o permission from parliament...
1) Suspend law
2) Levy taxes
3) Raise an army

29

4 Guaranteed Liberties of Men

1) Right to petition the Gov.
2) Right to a speedy trial
3) Protection from excessive fines and bails
4) Protection from cruel and unusual punishment

30

4 things enlightenment stressed

1) Human Nature
2) Reason
3) Science
4) natural Law

31

Writers of Enlightenment

Philosophes

32

Philosophes ideas

1) By observing human nature in history and the present one can discover the laws that govern human nature and these laws can be used to design a virtuous and orderly society
2) Freedom of religion
3) Freedom of thought

33

Enlightened Despotism

Ruler justifies his authority on his usefulness to society

34

John Locke

Two Treaties on Government

35

Two treaties on Government

1) Man is born a "blank slate"
2) Man's character comes through education
3) Man is born with 3 God given natural rights
4) Gov. was created to protect those rights
5) Right of Revolution

36

Man's 3 natural rights

1) Life
2) Liberty
3) Property

37

Right of Revolution

If gov. fails man has right to take control

38

Baron de Montesquieu

The Spirit of Laws

39

The Spirit of Laws

Separation of powers
1) make the law
2) interpret the law
3) enforce the law

40

Voltaire's beliefs

1) Rulers should use authority to promote reform
2) Freedom of thought
3) Religious freedom

41

Candide

1) Attack superstitions
2) Attack religious persecution

42

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Social Contract

43

Social Contract

1) General will is sovereign
2) Man has life liberty and propert
3) Right of Rev
4) Will of community if determined democratically is more important than individual rights

44

Marquis Cesaradi Beccaria

An Essay on Crimes and Punishment

45

An Essay on Crimes and Punishment

Man should have system of laws that apply equally to all classes

46

Physiocrats

Economist of Enlightenment

47

Francios Quesnay

Economic Tables

48

Economic Tables

Laissez-faire
1) gov. doesn't regulate economy

49

Adam Smith

An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

50

An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

1) supports Laissez-faire
2) People should be a allowed to produce as much as possible w/o gov. interference
3) Let people trade as much as possible

51

Early American government

Based off British

52

British Government

1) King- head of state
2) Parliament- legislative, executive
A) House of Lords
B) House of Commons

53

Articles of Confederation

First written document of American gov

54

Purpose of Constitutional Convention

Revise Articles of confederation

55

Member of CC

1) President: George Washington
2) Father of Constitution: James Madison
3) Chairman of Committee of Style: Gouverneur Morris

56

Secrecy Rule

Nobody outside of CC knows what's going on

57

5 goals of CC

1) Create a Republic
2) Want a written constitution
3) Want a stronger national gov.
4) Want a government that will protect human rights and property rights
5) Wanted to reform society so that gov. would have virtue

58

3 areas of conflict in CC

1) Economics
2) Strength of National Government
3) Representation in Congress

59

Virginia Plan

1) James Madison
2) Large State Plan
3) Three branches

60

Three Branches of Virginia

1) Legislative- Bicameral
2) Executive
3) Judicial

61

New Jersey Plan

1) William Patterson
2) 3 Branches

63

Connecticut Compromise

1) Roger Sherman
2) One Branch

64

3/5 compromise

Slave states
Must count slaves in determining the number of representatives each state will receive
Must not count slaves in determining the percentage of the tax burden to be paid
Non-slave states
Must not count slaves in determining the number of representatives each state will receive
Must count slaves in the determining the percentage of the tax burden to be paid

65

Slave trade compromise

The international slave trade would remain open for twenty more years

66

Division of powers

Delegated powers
Reserved powers

67

Delegated powers

Constitutional powers

68

Reserved powers

Powers kept by state

69

Amending process

1)Amendments may originate in:
Congress
Constitutional Convention
2)Must be ratified by 3/4 of the states
3)Approval of 9 states needed to replace the Articles of Confederation
4)Necessary States: Virginia, New York, Massachusetts

70

Federalist

1) Must have stronger central Gov
2) Federalist Papers
James Madison
John Jay
Alexander Hamilton

71

Anti federalist

1) Took too much power from the states
2) No bill of rights
3) Gave pres. too much power