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Flashcards in Legislative Branch Deck (53):
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Legislative Branch

Makes laws

1

Houses of Congress

Senate
House of reps

2

Congressional Session

2 years

3

Members of the house

435

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Membership based on...

Population

5

Members limits

2 year term
No term limit

6

Reapportionment

Readjusting of congressmen

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Wesberry vs Sanders

Districts have to have equal population

8

Gerrymanding

Party that's to control state legislature will draw districts so that their political party has advantage

9

Qualifications for the house

25
7 year citizen
Resident of state you represent

10

Speaker of the house

Residing officer

11

Senate

Each state = 2 senators

12

Senator terms

6 year terms
1/3 is reelected every 2 years

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17th amendment

Senators are chosen by the people

14

Qualifications of Senator

30
9 year citizen
Resident of state represented

15

Presiding officer of senate

Vice President

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When vp absent at senate presiding officer is...

President pro Tempore

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Congressional Duties

Legislator
Committee members
Represent their constituents
Servants of constituents
Politicians

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Voting options

Trustee
Delegate
Partisan
Politico

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Trustee

Own judgement

20

Delegate

The way constituents want

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Partisan

With political party

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Politico

Use all 3

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Compensation of congressmen

$174,000 income
Free medical care
Free parking in D.C.
Free travel
Money for office in district
Retirement plan
Free mail
Can't get arrested

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How to avoid constituent pressure

Vote both ways
Be absent

25

Ways of voting

Voice vote
Division note
Passing in front of the teller
Roll call vote

26

Patronage

Efforts to help constituents by personally providing jobs, public works, or benefits, as a favor

27

Pork barrel legislation

Bills composed of items of patronage, named and located in specific district

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Private bill

Proposal to grant relief, special privilege, or exception to the person named in the Bill

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Responsibilities of congress

Statutes
Oversight of administration
Oversight of citizens
Advice and consent
Debate
Direct committee Government
Legislative Veto
Broad or strict interpretation of constitution

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Statutes

Authorization
Revenue
Appropriate
Private

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Oversight of administration

Hearings
Investigations
Supervisions

32

Oversight of citizens

Hearings
Investigation

33

Expressed Powers

Tax
Borrow money
Commerce
Bankruptcy
Foreign relations power
War powers
Naturalization
Postal power
Copyrights and patents
Weights and measures
Territorial and Washington D.C. Powers
Judicial power

34

Implied powers (non-legislative powers)

Amendments
Electoral duties
Impeachment
Executive powers
Investigatory powers
Eminent domain

35

Committee System

Seniority Rule
Standing committees
Select committee
Joint committee
Conference committee

36

Standing committee

Permanent

37

Select committee

Temporary

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Joint Committee

Members of both houses vote

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Bill

Proposed law

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Joint resolution

Not law but has power of law

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Concurrent Resolution

House and senate work together

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Resolution

Rule and procedure

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Rider

Won't pass on its own

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How does Bill turn into law

3 readings

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First reading

Bill introduced
Numbered, titled, and brief summary
Entered into congressional journal
Sent to committee

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Committee Reports...

Doesn't
Favorably
In amended form
Unfavorably
As a committee bill

47

Second Reading

Floor consideration

48

Third Reading

Final vote

49

President can...

Sign
Veto

50

Pocket veto

If congress adjourns 10 days after sending bill to president and president does nothing it dies

51

Filibuster

Attempt to talk a bill to death

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How to prevent it?

Cloture rule (60 senators must agree)