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Flashcards in Legal Terms Deck (19):
0

Aquit

To find defendant not guilty

1

Arbitration

the hearing and settlement of a dispute between opposing parties by a third party whose decision the parties have agreed to accept

2

Bench Warrant

Process issued by the court or "from the bench" for the attachment or arrest of a person

3

Brief

a legal document, prepared by an attorney, which presents the law and facts supporting his clients

4

Corpus Delicti

the body or material substance upon which crime has been committed; e.g., the corpse of a murdered person or the charred remains of a burned house

5

Docket

book containing entries of all proceedings in court

6

Due Process

constitutional guarantee that an accused person receives a fair and impartial trial

7

Felony

a serious criminal offense for which the min. sentence is one year.

8

Indictment

written accusation of a grand jury charging a crime

9

Judgement

final determination by a court

10

Litigant

person or group engaged in a lawsuit

11

Misdemeanor

Criminal offense that is less than a felony and punishable by less than a year in jail

12

Probable Cause

reasonable belief that a crime has been committed; the basis for all lawful searches

13

Subpoena

a written legal notice requiring a person to appear in court and give testimony or produce documentary evidence

14

Writ

a written court order directing a person to perform or refrain from performing a specific act

15

Writ of Mandamus

an order issued by a court of superior jurisdiction commanding performance of a particular act by an inferior court or public official.

16

Writ of Appeal

the supreme courts acceptance of a case for reviews as a matter of right, where court feels it has no choice

17

Writ of Certiorari

The Supreme Court's acceptance of a case for review at the discretion of four justices

18

Writ of Habeas Corpus

An order by a judge to have an accused person brought from prison to the court to determine if their detention was arbitrary