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Flashcards in State Gov Deck (65):
0

Federalism

system of government in which political power is divided between a central gov. and regional governments by a written constitution

1

Cooperative Federalism

Decision making is shared by the central and state governments, but federal gov. is supreme

2

States Rights

Competitive relationship between state and federal government and a gain in power for one is a loss in power for the other

3

5 Principles of State Gov.

1) Popular Sovereignty
2) Limited Government
3) Separation of Powers
4) Checks and Balances
5) Bicameral Legislature

4

Popular Sovereignty

Will of the people

5

Limited Government

Government is not all powerful

6

Functions of State Gov.

1) Police power
2) Public Services

7

Police power

1) Public safety
2) Public health
3) Public morals
4) Public transportation
5) General Welfare

8

Public Services

1) Building roads
2 Education
3) Controlling local gov.

9

Dillon's Rule

All units of local Gov. are created by and subordinate to the states

10

Weaknesses of State Gov.

1) Slow to change
2) Lack of Money

11

Federal Aid to States

1) Grants in Aid
2) Block Grants
3) Revenue Sharing

12

5 Things State Constitutions have in Common

1) Bill of Rights
2) Establish structure of state Gov
3) Establish system of local gov
4) Create state boards, agencies, and institutions
5) Establishes revenue system

13

When did Tennessee become a state

1796

14

Tennesses First Capital

Knoxville

15

Name of Tennessee Legislative Branch

Tennessee General Assembly

16

Bicameral

1) House of Reps. - 99 members
2) Senate- 33 members

17

Session

Lasts 90 days over 2 year period

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Primary Function of Committee

1) Make laws
2) Provide forum for debate
3) Provide financing for state Gov.

19

Extraordinary Session

1) Called by Governor
2) Called by 2/3 of members of both houses

20

Constitutional Officers

1) Secretary of State (4 year term)
a) Keeps records of the state
2) Comptroller of the Treasury (2 year Term)
3) State Treasurer (2 year term)
4) Legislature elects

21

Legislation (how bill becomes law)

1) A bill may originate in either house
2) Must be introduced during first 10 legislative days
3) Must be passed on 3 separate legislative days in both houses
4) Sent to governor

22

What governor can do to bill

1) Sign
2) Veto
a) Simple majority can override veto
b)Gov does nothing for 10 days, bill comes law

23

Senate

1) Term
2) Qualifications
3) Leadership

24

Term

4 years

25

Qualifications

1) 30 y/o
2) U.S. citizen
3) Live in TN for 3 years
4) Live in district for 1 year

26

Leadership

1) Lt. Gov.
2) Majority Leader
3) Minority Leader
4) Speaker Pro Tempore
5) Standing Committees- 9

27

Lt. Gov.

Speaker of the Senate

28

Speaker Pro Tempore

1) Succeeds Gov.
2) Presides over senate
3) Appoints all committees
4) Member of all standing committees

29

Standing Committees

1) Education
2) Transportation

30

Judicial Branch

1) Supreme Court
2) Intermediate appellate courts
3) Trial Courts
4) Courts of Limited Jurisdiction

31

Intermediate appellate courts

1) Court of Appeals- Civil cases
2) Court of Criminal appeals- criminal cases

32

Trial Courts

1) Probate Court
2) Chancery Courts
3) Circuit Court
4) Criminal Courts

33

Probate Court

1) Guardianship
2) Estates

34

Chancery Courts

1) Domestic Relations
2) Civil Cases

35

Circuit Court

1) Domestic Relations
2) Civil and Criminal Cases

36

Criminal Courts

Criminal Cases

37

Courts of Limited Jurisdiction

1) Juvenile Court
2) General Sessions Court
3) Municipal Courts

38

Juvenile Court

1) Paternity
2) Juvenile Cases

39

General Sessions Court

1) Preliminary Hearings
2) Civil Cases where fine is $10,000
3) Domestic Relations
4) Mental Health
5) Small claims
6) Misdemeanors
7) DUI's

40

Municipal Courts

Interpret and apply the ordinances of a town

41

County Government

1) Sheriff
2) County Mayor
3) County Commission
4) Trustee
5) Register of Deeds
6) County Clerk
7) Assessor of Property
8) Board of Education
9) Superintendent of Schools
10) Corner
11) Highway Administrator

42

Sheriff

1) Elected by people
2) Three main duties
a) Preserves the peace
b) Maintain the Jail
c) Serve Court documents

43

County Mayor

1) Almost zero power
2) Elected
3) What they do
a) In charge of county property
b)Keeps county's accounts
c) Prepares report on county's financial condition

44

County Commission

1) County's legislative Body
a) Set taxes
b) Make county budget

45

Trustee

1) Elected
2) Job
a) Collect taxes
b) Pays county's bills

46

Register of Deeds

Takes care of county legal documents

47

County Clerk

1) Marriage license
2) Renewal

48

Assessor of Property

Determines the value of all real and personal property in the county

49

Board of Education

1) Elected
2) In charge of schools

50

Corner

Pronounces dead

51

Highway Administrator

County roads

52

Gov. of TN

Bill Haslam

53

TN Lt. Gov.

Ron Ramsy

54

Speaker of the House

Beth Harwell

55

Senate President Pro Tempore

Bo Watson

56

Mayor of Murf.

Shane McFarland

57

Mayor of Lavergne

senna Mosley

58

Mayor of Smyrna

Mary Esther Reed

59

Mayor of Eagleville

Travis Brown

60

Sheriff

Robert Arnold

61

Mayor

Ernest burgess

62

Trustee

Teb Batey

63

Court clerk

Lisa smith

64

Accessor of Property

Rob Mitchell