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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (10):
1

What are the two primary federal employment laws?

1. Canada Labour Code (basic employment conditions, health & safety) - Applies to everyone

2. Canadian Human Rights Act (Canadian HR tribunal works like a court of law but that it deals only with cases of discrimination)

2

What is discrimination? What is harassment?

Discrimination can be intentional (or direct) (“only males, 5 feet 7 inches in height, will be hired”) or unintentional (indirect), such as advertising job openings only in English-speaking newspapers. It is the exclusion of employee.

Harassment is any unwanted physical or verbal behaviour that offends or humiliates the individual.

3

What is reasonable accommodation?

Employers are expected to make adjustments to the working environment in order to avoid charges of discrimination.

4

What is the name of the federal law that protects employees from harassment and discrimination?

Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA)

5

What is the Human Rights Legislation?

-Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA)
-Canadian charter of rights & freedoms (1982)
-Guarantees certain rights & freedoms
-Legislation is complaint driven

6

What is the Labour Relations Legislation?

-Only applies to unionized employees & employers with unionized employees
-Canadian Labour Law
-Governs the process by which a trade union acquires bargaining rights & the procedure by which trade unions & employers engage in a collective bargaining

7

What is Health and Safety Legislation and Workers’ Compensation? What is the board workers' compensation?

-Describes expected standards for health & safety in the workplace
-Outlines role & involvement of employees
-Bad health & safety = BAD management
-Identify the potential hazards & come up with ways to prevent injuries
-Employers can be required to continue paying an employee if the person is injured on the job
-Workers have the right to know the degree of toxicity & the possible dangers

2. For the violation of health & safety... workers can receive a monetary payment from his employer. Employers are required to report all incidents to this board.

8

What is pay equity and why is it related to discrimination?

Pay equity is based on differences in pay due to gender

9

Explain the code of ethics

A code of ethics is a written statement of the organization’s primary values and provides a basis for the organization’s individual employees’ behaviours and actions.

10

What is equity? What is equity employment?

1. Fairness or impartiality
2. Policies & practices to ensure equitable representation in the workforce (equality in all aspects of employment)