Chapter 2: Adjectives, subject pronouns, present tense, ser/estar Flashcards Preview

Spanish for Research and Writing > Chapter 2: Adjectives, subject pronouns, present tense, ser/estar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2: Adjectives, subject pronouns, present tense, ser/estar Deck (37)
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1

What three Spanish words are used to express "time," and what are their specific connotations?

1. Hora - to express time of day: "que hora es?
2. Tiempo - to express measurable time: "cuanto tiempo toma para llegar al centro? - How much time does it take to get to town?" and to refer to weather: "Que tiempo hace hoy?"
3. Vez/veces - time as an instance: "Vamos a comer pizza una vez esta semana."

2

decir la hora

to tell time

3

hora de verano

daylight savings time

4

ser hora de

to be time to

5

ya es hora

it is about time

6

a tiempo

on time

7

al mismo tiempo

at the same time

8

con tiempo

with time to spare

9

en muy poco tiempo

in no time

10

a la vez

at the same time

11

a veces

at times/sometimes

12

de vez en cuando

from time to time

13

las más veces

most of the time

14

muchas veces

often

15

otra vez

again

16

una y otra vez

time after time/over and over again

17

What are the subject pronouns?

yo

él/ella/usted

nosotros
vosotoros
ellos/ellas/ustedes

18

Present tense endings: -ar

o
as
a

amos
áis
an

19

Present tense endings: -er

o
es
e

emos
éis
en

20

Present tense endings: -ir

o
es
e

imos
ís
en

21

Irregular verb conjugation: volver

vuelvo
vuelves
vuelve

volvemos
vuelven

22

Irregular verb conjugation: comenzar

comienzo
comienzas
comienza

comenzamos
comienzan

23

Irregular verb conjugation: servir

sirvo
sirves
sirve

servimos
sirven

24

Irregular verb conjugation: sentir

siento
sientes
siente

sentimos
sienten

25

Irregular verb conjugation: dormir

duermo
duermes
duerme

dormimos
duermen

26

Conjugate: ser

soy
eres
es

somos
son

27

Conjugate: estar

estoy
estás
está

estamos
están

28

What are the appropriate uses or "ser"?

1. With predicate nouns and words denoting professions, political affiliations, religions, and nationalities: "Maria es una mujer inteligente; Maria es médica; GW Bush es republicano; Soy venezolano."

2. With the preposition "de" to denote origin, possession, and material make up: "Los autores son de Atlanta; El reloj es de oro; El libro es del estudiante."

3. To tell time. "es" is used with 1:00, noon, and midnight, and "son" is used for all other hours. "Es la una; Son las ocho."

4. Adjectives that describe inherent qualities; La nieve es blanca; El edificio es grande."

5. to mean "takes place": "La fiesta es en la casa de Carlos."

6. With impersonal expressions: "Es tarde."

29

What are the appropriate uses or "estar"?

1. To express location: "El plato está en la mesa."

2. With adjectives that express states or conditions that are temporary or not inherent qualities. "El cafe esta frio; No estamos contentos; El flan esta rico."

3. With the adjective "muerto."

4. To form the progressive tense: "Alicia esta jugando con su gato; Quien esta llamando?"

30

Adjective meaning change when used with "ser/estar": aburrido

ser: boring
estar: bored