Chapter 6: Commands, present subjunctive, present subjunctive in noun clauses Flashcards Preview

Spanish for Research and Writing > Chapter 6: Commands, present subjunctive, present subjunctive in noun clauses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6: Commands, present subjunctive, present subjunctive in noun clauses Deck (28)
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1

What is the difference between "jugar" and "tocar" in "to play" expression?

Jugar refers to playing a game while tocar refers to playing musical instruments.

2

What is the difference between "poner," "meter," and "colocar" in expressing "to put"?

Poner is the general and common word.

Meter means to "put into."

Colocar is "to place (on)."

3

What is the difference between "extrañar," "echar de menos," "perder," and "faltar a" in "missing"?

extrañar/echar de menos - to miss someone

perder - to miss a form of transportation

faltar a - to miss/not attend an event

4

First person singular of decir:

digo

5

First person singular of poner:

pongo

6

First person singular of valer:

valgo

7

First person singular of hacer:

hago

8

First person singular of tener:

tengo

9

Formal command forms of dar:


den

10

Formal command forms of estar:

esté
estén

11

Formal command forms of ir

vaya
vayan

12

Formal command forms of saber:

sepa
sepan

13

Formal command forms of ser:

sea
sean

14

How do you form the formal command?

First person present stem +
- e/en for ar verbs
- a/an for er verbs

15

How do you form the informal command?

Just use the third person present form.

16

Informal command form of decir:

di

17

Informal command form of hacer

haz

18

Informal command form of ir

ve

19

Informal command form of poner

pon

20

Informal command form of salir

sal

21

Informal command form of ser

22

Informal command form of tener

ten

23

Informal command form of venir

ven

24

How do you form the negative command?

No + The formal command + s.

25

How do you form the present subjunctive?

Same rules as the formal command.

26

What is the subjunctive case?

Most often used in dependent clauses and connected by the word "que," it is used to express doubt, emotion, denial, opinion, request, volition, preference, or order.

27

How do you form the -ar present subjunctive?

First person singular stem of the verb, then:

ie
ies
ie

iemos
ieis
ien

28

How do you form the -er/ir present subjunctive?

First person singular stem of the verb, then:

a
as
a

amos
ais
an