Chapter 4: Future/Conditional Tenses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Future/Conditional Tenses Deck (31)
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1

How do you conjugate the future tense?

The future tense consists of the infinitive plus these endings:


-ás


-emos
-éis
-án

2

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: caber

cabr-

3

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: decir

dir-

4

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: haber

habr-

5

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: hacer

har-

6

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: poder

podr-

7

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: poner

pondr-

8

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: querer

querr-

9

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: saber

sabr-

10

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: salir

saldr-

11

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: tener

tendr-

12

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: valer

valdr-

13

Future/conditional tense irregular stem: venir

vendr

14

What is the basic translation of the future? I.e., what is the English for "comeré"?

It basically means "will" + meaning of the infinitive. So,

comeré = I will eat.

15

What other function does the future tense perform?

An expression of probability: "¿Quién será?" = Who could that be? or "Será Maria" = "It's probably Maria."

16

How do you conjugate the conditional tense?

The conditional is formed, like the future, with the infinitive plus these endings:

-ía
-ías
-ía

-íamos
-íais
-ían

17

What is the basic translation of the conditional? I.e., what is the English for "yo comería"?

It basically means "would" + meaning of the infinitive. So,

comeré = I would eat.

18

What other function does the conditional tense perform?

An expression of probability *in the past*: "Serían las dos" = "It was probably 2 o'clock."

19

Define: alguien

somebody, someone

20

Define: nadie

nobody, no one

21

Define: alguno

some (one)

22

Define: ninguno

no one, none

23

Define: jamas

ever

24

Define: nunca

never

25

Define: o ... o

Either ... or

26

Define: ni ... ni

neither ... nor

27

Define: siempre

always

28

Define: todavia no

not yet

29

Define: tambien

also, as well

30

Define: tampoco

neither