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Flashcards in Chapter 2 age of discovery Deck (11)
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1

World powers

England
France
Portugal
Spain

2

King Henry the navigator

who from 1451 to 1470 sponsored a number of trips along the West African coast.

3

Ferdinand Magellan

who set out on a 3-year voyage to circumnavigate the globe.

4

The missing day and International date line

When the ship returned to Spain in 1522, they realized that they had lost a day which was very strange to them. It also helped mariners and cartographers realize that they needed to have an International Date Line.

5

Balboa

In 1513 Balboa (Spain) discovered the Pacific Ocean by crossing the isthmus of Panama and had named it the Southern Ocean in the name of Spain

6

Roald Amundsen

in 1903-1906 during an epic voyage. There were also other heroic attempts prior to Amundsen’s trip to explore and map the region.

7

The great northern expedition

to map the coast of Siberia and portions of Alaska. This massive undertaking cost Russia nearly 1/6th of its entire annual income for 1724.

8

William parry

a British naval officer, made it to within 8° of the pole.

9

Fridtjof Nansen

a Norwegian polar explorer and scientist, lodged his ship in the ice and drifted for 4 years and made it to within 4° of the pole.

10

Salomon Andree and David Hempleman-Adams’

set out for the pole in a hydrogen balloon and died in the effort. The achievement was not repeated until 2000 by David Hempleman-Adams’ solo flight.

11

Sir Walter Herbert

(England) – after years of disputes regarding U.S. Admiral Peary’s claim to be the first to reach the North Pole in 1909, Wally Herbert is now considered the first to reach the pole on foot.