Chapter 2 Legal And Regulatory Background Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Legal And Regulatory Background Deck (25):
1

Explain the acceptable training of non-routine tasks.

Non-routine tasks may require more documentation and training than routine tasks.

There should be step-by-step instructions.

Supervisors should review the procedures with the employees prior to the activity, as well as observe and log the site conditions and employee activity.

For non-routine tasks that occurred during emergency situations experience and skill levels dictate the level of training for personnel need to understand the roles responsibilities and how to protect themselves and others. Preparatory training on PPE, spill containment, and Farm for a new Quitman may be required of select personnel designated or volunteering for such activities or duties.

2

When making changes to an historical building, Gary find issues with the buildings old fashion sanitation system, and he can’t find safety information on the system. What provision still holds Gary responsible for providing a safe environment in the building?

A. Civil principal clause
B. General duty clause
C. Ethical responsibility clause
D. Public obligation clause

B. General duty clause

3

Why is communicating and EH’s policy to all employees and tenants employees important?

By involving everyone affected by EHS concerns at all levels, you can develop a sound, well supported policy that is not only written, but excepted and believed in, and compliance becomes everybody’s business in the organization.

4

Performing this when considering the purchase of a new facility or building can verify the properties true income potential, as well as divulge any necessary, and possibly costly, environmental remediation.

A. Safety analysis
B. Compliance audit
C. Due diligence
D. Construction scrutiny

C. Due diligence

5

What are the guidelines for maintaining electronic record integrity?

Minimize the risk of unauthorized Alteration or erasure of the records

Allow only authorized personnel access to the records in the system

Allow only authorized personnel to perform administrative functions such as creating or deleting directories, altering the parameters of meta-data fields, and assigning access rights

The system should a left her records to be backed up to protect against information loss

6

Explain the use of a general duty clause.

General duty clause is are used by regulatory agencies, including the EPA and OSHA, to impose the obligation to provide a safe environment. Even in the absence of a specific work safety standard, and employer can be cited under a general duty clause.

7

What are the keys to maintaining an EHS policy?

The DHS policy should be reviewed periodically to make sure it is up to date and revised as necessary with changes in the law and in the organization.

The policy should be in plain language and understood by all employees, which compliance with regulations may in fact be a matter of life and death.

8

Define authority having jurisdiction.

It is common regulatory language for an entity that has the power to issue permits for a specific use but is not specifically named in the code, statute, regulation. Authority having jurisdiction may refer to a fire chief, fire marshal, we’re county health department, but it also could be any city, county, state, or federal entity that has jury stiction over a given activity.

9

One of the primary goals of the EPA is to create a culture in which people are aware of the environmental hazards of pollutants and consequently will minimize the use of these substances and reduced waste. What is the EPA’s other primary goal?

A. Enforcement, which may include civil and criminal law punishment
B. Support grant programs that develop and sustain environmental programs
C. Work with federal agencies on legislation for safe and responsible energy sources
D. Provide community assistance through environmental programs

A. Enforcement, which may include civil and criminal law punishment

10

Each of the following is a key strategy manager should use to ensure electronic record integrity except:

A. Minimize the risk of on authorized alteration or erasure of the records.
B allow only authorized personnel access to the records in the system.
C. Allow only authorized personnel to perform administrative functions.
D. Have a hand written back up of every document

D. Have a hand written back up of every document

11

OSHA has identified six basic steps of an inspection which step involves bringing the inspector and facility representative together to discuss the audit findings?

A. Introduction
B. Opening conference
C. The inspection
D. Closing conference

D. Closing conference

12

Which of the following represents the culmination of acceptable training for employees who handle potential he harmful materials?

A. Computer based training, where the employee can complete self assessments online
B. Observation by a manager of the employee performing the required task in a safe and competent manner
C. Review of material safety data sheets by employees
D. Viewing instructional videos that show the step-by-step handling of hazardous materials

B. Observation by a manager of the employee performing the required task in a safe and competent manner

13

What are OSHA’s accident reporting requirements?

OSHA will investigate when ever there is an accident or work related incident resulting in the death of an employee or the hospitalization of three or more employees.

Further, employers are required to report such accidents within eight hours of their occurrence.

Whether or not an incident is immediately report of all, if it ultimately results in the death of an employee or in the inpatient hospitalization of three or more employees within 30 days of the incident, and OSHA requires that the employer report the fatality/multiple hospitalizations within eight hours of learning of it.

14

(Fill in the blank) A __________ Task can occur during emergencies and requires more documentation and training, including managerial review an observation, then other tasks.

A. Focused
B. Untraditional
C. Nonroutine
D. Compound

C. Non-routine

15

Explain why it is important to have a written EHS policy.

The most common underlying reason for EA just violations is a lack of a clearly written policy that reaches from the highest corporate levels to the customers of the facility’s tenants and employees.

Without organizational support in the form of a written policy, your efforts to avoid citations can fail.

16

Name the six steps of an OSHA inspection process.

Introduction – the inspector will introduce himself, present appropriate credentials bearing a photograph, and identify the agency that he or she represents.

Opening a conference meeting – explains the nature and scope of the inspection, as well as the applicable regulations.

The inspection – a common on site inspection is a walk-through inspection

Closing conference – brings the inspector and facility representative together to discuss the audit findings or inspection points. There should be a discussion to review the nature of the findings and why any audit finding is a concern

Post inspection review – often a formal letter will be sent from a supervisor or regional director advising you that an issue exists and perhaps explaining the findings

Re-inspection/Conclusion – the conclusion is achieved upon successfully mitigating the hazards, paying the fines, and passing reinspection

17

Four of Tanya‘s facility managers were admitted to the hospital after being exposed to toxic chemicals, which she did not report until the following business day. Why is OSHA investigating Tanya his actions?

A. The incident resulted in the hospitalization of three or more employees, employers are required to report such incidents within eight hours of their occurrence
B. OSHA investigate all work related accidents and incidents that affect more than one person, and the employer was required to report such incidents immediately after the occurrence
C. OSHA is Required to record and report on the incident that resulted in hospitalization
D. The employer was required to report such incidents immediately after the occurrence

A. the incident resulted in the hospitalization of three or more employees and employers are required to report such incidents within eight hours of their occurrence

18

Describe the goal for incident/accident reporting.

The ultimate goal is to prevent a similar, or perhaps more disasters accident.

19

What are the two primary goals of the EPA, and how did the impact organizations in the built environment?

One goal is to create a culture in which people are aware of the environmental hazards of various pollutants and therefore it will minimize the use of these substances and reduce waste.

The second goal of the EPA is enforcement, which may include civil and criminal punishment.

20

What is the goal of OSHA reporting requirements for accidents or incidents?

A. To prevent a similar, or more disastrous, accident
B. To determine the liable parties to recover damages
C. To promote employee awareness and involvement in the recording of the job related injuries and illnesses
D. To help employers and employees understand the nature and extent of occupational safety and health problems

A.. To prevent is similar, or more disastrous, accident

21

What is the importance of refresher training?

Conducting refresher training is often required to stay in compliance. It also set a positive example for tenants.

Remember, training is for specific skills/competencies, what communication is for general awareness.

22

Kim is hired by a property management company to develop an EHS policy for a building in their portfolio. What should her first steps be?

A. Meeting with leadership to develop an understanding of what EHS means to their organization, and creating a policy in writing
B. Inspecting the building and materials to establish a baseline for an EHS program, and circulating the policy to the local community
C. Reviewing the budget to identify areas or items that could be updated for better EH and S compliance, and verbalizing the policy to employees D. Completing an environmental site assessment to identify current problems with the building and holding leadership to compliance of the policy

A.. Meeting with leadership to develop an understanding of what EHS means to their organization, and creating the policy in writing

23

Maryland state government will have a new office building located within the town of Annapolis. The state and local municipal fire departments both have influence in the construction, but ultimately the building must be in compliance with the state fire department. This relationship is referred to as:

A. Planning permission
B. Authority having jurisdiction.
C. Construction procurement.
D. Design – Bid– build

B. Authority having jurisdiction.

24

What is the motivation for environmental due diligence?

To identify any potential costly environmental remediation associated with the property. The EPA’s cradle to grave policy regarding hazardous waste and pollution imposes a bird and the owners, vendors, and managers must take into account. Strong year just programs go along way towards supporting property values and easing property transactions.

25

Describe the intent of acceptable training.

The intent of acceptable training is for a supervisor or manager to observe the employee performing the required task in a safe and competent manner.