Chapter 12 Air Pollution And Air Quality Management Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Air Pollution And Air Quality Management Deck (24)
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1

Which classification of pollutant is man-made and generated from sources such as chlorofluorocarbons and volatile organic compounds?

A. Non-stationary
B. Point
C. Anthropogenic
D. Stationary

C. Anthropogenic

2

A car manufacturer that releases harmful pollutants into the air would be held to what standards to protect public and environmental health?

A. Occupational health and safety standards
B. National scale air toxics standards
C. Toxic emissions standards
D. National ambient air quality standards

D. National ambient air quality standards

3

In the summertime, O-Zone concentrations around and urban electric utility have exceeded the regulated threshold level. What type of area is this classified as?

A. Non-attainment
B. Attainment
C. Unclassifiable
D. Fulfillment

A.. Nonattainment

4

(Fill in the blank) A _____ Is a designed approach to reducing the pollutant levels in the air and, if necessary, any emissions of precursor pollutants.

A.. Clean air maintenance plan
B. State implementation plan
C. Pollution mitigation strategy
D. National clean data policy

B. State implementation plan

5

Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor to pollutants being transported outside their source area?

A. Consumer activity
B. Local and regional topography
C. Wind direction and speed
D. Type of pollutant

A.. Consumer activities

6

Joe has been diagnosed with emphysema after being exposed to a criteria air pollutants that mugged in his lung tissue. Which type of criteria air pollutant did he encounter?

A. Carbon monoxide
B. Lead
C. Particulate matter
D. So for dioxide

C. Particulate matter

7

(Fill in the blanks) to see the short term standards for NAAQSs Are designed to protect against_____health effects, well long-term standards protect against_____health effects.

A. Physical: mental
B. A cute: chronic
C. Chronic; a cute
D. Mental; physical

B. A cute; chronic

8

The warehouse PJ manages shelters a fleet of diesel fuel trucks, and he’s concerned about the particulate matter generated, especially PM2.5. What is the most important reason PM2.5 needs to be regulated?

A. It impacts climate and precipitation
B. It causes reduced visibility
C. It can inhibit photosynthesis and plant species
D. It’s small particles can penetrate deeply into the respiratory system

D. It’s small particles can penetrate deeply into the respiratory system

9

During her last building inspection, Monica noted that the windows of her power plant were covered in dirt and discolored. This describes what impact of particulate matter?

A. Aerosol affects
B. Cyclone disbursement
C. Soiling of buildings
D. Particle filtering

C. Soiling of buildings

10

Chuck moved from managing an industrial facility to a mixed used building with a dry cleaner. What knowledge of HAP regulations Will it be important for Chuck to implement in his new role?

A. He should not make any generalizations about HAP‘s, but rather deal with each of them in the proper context
B. He should inspect the cleaners work areas and identify the likelihood that a chemical will cause a certain effect in humans
C. He won’t have to deal with H APs, as they apply only to industrial sites
D. He should use dispersion models to gather information about the cleaners emissions

A. He should not make any generalizations about HAPs, but rather deal with each of them in the proper context

11

Which of the following is NOT one of the three steps to take if your boiler, chiller, or emergency generator requires a permit from the local district or state?

Assess and document the buildings current situation in history
B. Determine areas of compliance or noncompliance with staff, experts, or authorities
C. Address what needs to be done to establish an air-quality plan
D. File a manufacturers data report with the EPA

D. File a manufacturers data report with EPA

12

(Fill in the blank) water conservation has a/an_____impact on energy use and air in missions.

A. Direct
B. Indirect
C. Inverse
D. Negative

A.. Direct

13

Explain the classifications of pollutants.

Type or origin
-natural; not caused by humans;radon
-anthropogenic;man-made;CFCs, halons
-stationary; not moving; factory emissions
-non stationary;vehicles
-point;a single identifiable location;venting stack
-line;multiple point sources in a location
-area; geographic region governed by total emissions;city or county

Material or chemical form
-gaseous (carbon monoxide)
-inorganic
-Oxidizing substances (ozone)
-radioactive substances (iodine)
-insert substances (pollen or fly ash)

14

Define NAAQS.

National ambient air quality standards

And EPA promulgated air quality standards that defines the levels of a pollutant in weight per volume that should not be exceeded under ambient conditions

15

Describe nonattainment, attainment, and unclassifiable areas.

Nonattainment is a designation given to the areas that consistently do not meet NAAQS standards

Attainment Is the designation given two areas that consistently meat NAAQS standards.

Unclassifiable areas-areas with concentration of criteria pollutants that are below the levels established by NAAQS.

16

What is the goal of SIP?

SIP-state implementation plan

Through SIP the state will design its approach to reducing pollutant levels in the air and, if appropriate, any emissions of precursor pollutants.

17

What are some of the factors that contribute to the transport of pollutants?

Local or regional typography
Wind direction and speed
Weather patterns
Type of pollutant
Sources of the pollutant

18

How do criteria air pollutants affect health and the environment?

Criteria pollutants are known to injure health, harm the environment, and cause property damage.

Carbon monoxide – a common by product of incomplete combustion. It is colorless, odorless and is hazardous because it replaces oxygen in respiration

Nitrogen dioxide – a product of vehicles in powerplants it is damaging to the respiratory system and a precursor to O-Zone

O-Zone – formed from chemicals Emitted from vehicles utilities and industries. It is damaging to breathe at the ground level

Particulate matter – physically tiny, particular to cause health effects such as emphysema or bronchitis by lodging deep in the lung tissue

Sulfur dioxide created by fossil fuel combustion of power plants and industrial facilities it contributes to respiratory effects such as bronchial constriction

Lead – once common in fuel letting air pollution is no mostly associated with metal sculpting and some piston operated aircraft that still use leaded fuel. Lead is toxic

19

Explain the difference between short term and long term pollutant protections.

Short term standards are designed to protect against a cute, or short term health effects, while the long-term standards were established to protect against chronic health effects.

20

Why is PM2.5 regulated?

Regulation focuses on health effects as these fine particles can penetrate more deeply into the human respiratory system than PM10.

21

How do you particulates impact buildings?

The primary impact of particulars for building management is the swelling of buildings and decorative materials as well as clothing.

The first affect his dirt on windows, building services and quite noticeably sealants and caulks of their joints.

Some particles may have acid or base chemistry is an cause corrosion or pity got exposed metals, typically aluminum or discoloration of bronzes for metals used an external construction

22

Describe the variances of HAP regulations

HAP-hazardous air pollutants

One must be aware of all 10 in activities to ensure that potentially unsafe operations can be changed to minimize or illuminate any air pollution.

23

Which steps should be taken if a boiler/chiller/emergency generator needs a permit?

Assess and document the buildings current situation in recent history

Determine areas of compliance or noncompliance with internal staff, external experts, or local authorities

Address what needs to be done to establish an air-quality plan

24

Describe the relationship between water conservation, energy usage, and air emissions.

Water conservation has a direct impact on energy use air air emissions.

Electricity is used to pump water from its source through treatment sound systems and into service lines for use. Energy is also used to clean the water after use before it can be returned to nature. Water treatment typically calls for chlorine which is a regulated gas