Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Deck (63)
to cast, throw
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
back portion of the body
pelvis, hip region
belly side of the body
Digestive system consists of...
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Respiratory system consists of....
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
Circulatory system consists of...
heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, nodes, spleen, and thymus gland
Urinary system consists of...
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
Reproductive system consists of...
FEMALE: ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
MALE: testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
Endocrine system consists of...
thyroid, pituitary gland, ovaries, testes, adrenal glands, pancreas, parathyroid glands
Nervous system consists of...
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collections of nerves
Musculoskeletal system consists of...
muscles, bones, joints
Skin and Sense Organs...
skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, eye, ear, nose, tongue
What are the 5 body cavities? (CTAPS)
cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvis, and spinal
cranial cavity consists of...
brain, pituitary gland
thoracic cavity consists of...
lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, and aorta
abdominal cavity consists of...
stomach, small/lg intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver and gall bladder
pelvic cavity consists of...
portions of sm/lg intestines, rectum, bladder, urethra, ureters (uterus, ovaries, and vagina in female)
spinal cavity consists of...
internal organs are known as...
two divisions of the thoracic cavity...
pleural and mediastinum
pleural division of the thoracic cavity ..
space between the membranes that surround each lung..
have double folded membrane called pleura..
inflamed is pleurisy or pleuritis
mediastinum division of the thoracic cavity..
centrally located area between the lungs..
contains the heart, aorta, trachea, bronchial tubes, esophagus, thymus gland, and many lymph nodes
thoracic and abdominal cavity are separated by...
muscular wall (diaphragm)
peritoneum - double folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity.
includes: stomach, sm/lg intestine, pancreas, spleen, liver, gall bladder, and greater omentum.
kidneys are retroperitoneal.
hypochondriac regions (left and right upper quadrants)
epigastric region (middle upper quadrant)
lumbar regions (left and right middle quadrants)
umbilical region (middle middle quadrant)
inguinal regions (left and right lower quadrants)
suprapubic/hypogastric region (middle lower quadrant)
Right upper quadrant (RUQ)
right lobe of liver, gallbladder, part of pancreas, parts of sm/lg intestines
Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
left lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, part of pancreas, parts of small and large intestines
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
parts of small and large intestines, right ovary, right Fallopian tubes, appendix, right ureter
Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)
parts of small and large intestines, left ovary, left Fallopian tube, left ureter
divisions of the spinal column (33 vertebrae total)
the function of both the male and female pelvis is..
broader, adaptation for parturition (childbearing), especially the lesser pelvis, bones more slender, false pelvis is shallow, pelvic inlet is oval, pelvic outlet is larger, pubic arch (90 degrees) is more rounded and wider, sacrum is shorter/wider/flatter