Chapter 2 - Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Deck (63)
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abdomin/o

abdomen

1

adip/o

fat

2

anter/o

front

3

bol/o

to cast, throw

4

cervic/o

neck (of the body or of the uterus)

5

chondr/o

cartilage

6

chrom/o

color

7

coccyg/o

coccyx

8

crani/o

skull

9

cyt/o

cell

10

dist/o

far, distant

11

dors/o

back portion of the body

12

hist/o

tissue

13

ili/o

ilium

14

inguin/o

groin

15

kary/o

nucleus

16

later/o

side

17

lumb/o

lower back

18

medi/o

middle

19

nucle/o

nucleus

20

pelv/i

pelvis, hip region

21

poster/o

back, behind

22

proxim/o

nearest

23

sacr/o

sacrum

24

sarc/o

flesh

25

spin/o

spine, backbone

26

thel/o

nipple

27

thorac/o

chest

28

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

29

umbilic/o

navel, umbilicus

30

ventr/o

belly side of the body

31

vertebr/o

vertebra(e), backbone(s)

32

viscer/o

internal organs

33

Digestive system consists of...

mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas

34

Respiratory system consists of....

nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs

35

Circulatory system consists of...

heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, nodes, spleen, and thymus gland

36

Urinary system consists of...

kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

37

Reproductive system consists of...

FEMALE: ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
MALE: testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland

38

Endocrine system consists of...

thyroid, pituitary gland, ovaries, testes, adrenal glands, pancreas, parathyroid glands

39

Nervous system consists of...

brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collections of nerves

40

Musculoskeletal system consists of...

muscles, bones, joints

41

Skin and Sense Organs...

skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, eye, ear, nose, tongue

42

What are the 5 body cavities? (CTAPS)

cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvis, and spinal

43

cranial cavity consists of...

brain, pituitary gland

44

thoracic cavity consists of...

lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, and aorta

45

abdominal cavity consists of...

stomach, small/lg intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver and gall bladder

46

pelvic cavity consists of...

portions of sm/lg intestines, rectum, bladder, urethra, ureters (uterus, ovaries, and vagina in female)

47

spinal cavity consists of...

spinal cord

48

internal organs are known as...

viscera

49

two divisions of the thoracic cavity...

pleural and mediastinum

50

pleural division of the thoracic cavity ..

space between the membranes that surround each lung..
have double folded membrane called pleura..
inflamed is pleurisy or pleuritis

51

mediastinum division of the thoracic cavity..

centrally located area between the lungs..
contains the heart, aorta, trachea, bronchial tubes, esophagus, thymus gland, and many lymph nodes

52

thoracic and abdominal cavity are separated by...

muscular wall (diaphragm)

53

abdominal cavity...

peritoneum - double folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity.
includes: stomach, sm/lg intestine, pancreas, spleen, liver, gall bladder, and greater omentum.
kidneys are retroperitoneal.

54

abdominopelvic regions

hypochondriac regions (left and right upper quadrants)
epigastric region (middle upper quadrant)
lumbar regions (left and right middle quadrants)
umbilical region (middle middle quadrant)
inguinal regions (left and right lower quadrants)
suprapubic/hypogastric region (middle lower quadrant)

55

Right upper quadrant (RUQ)

right lobe of liver, gallbladder, part of pancreas, parts of sm/lg intestines

56

Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)

left lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, part of pancreas, parts of small and large intestines

57

Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)

parts of small and large intestines, right ovary, right Fallopian tubes, appendix, right ureter

58

Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

parts of small and large intestines, left ovary, left Fallopian tube, left ureter

59

divisions of the spinal column (33 vertebrae total)

cervical (7)
thoracic (12)
lumbar (5)
sacral (5)
coccygeal (4)

60

the function of both the male and female pelvis is..

locomotion

61

female pelvis

broader, adaptation for parturition (childbearing), especially the lesser pelvis, bones more slender, false pelvis is shallow, pelvic inlet is oval, pelvic outlet is larger, pubic arch (90 degrees) is more rounded and wider, sacrum is shorter/wider/flatter

62

male pelvis

not as broad, heavier build and larger muscles, pelvic inlet is heart shaped, pelvic cavity is not as roomy, distance between the inlet and outlet is not short, outlet is smaller, pubic arch is 60 degrees