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Medical Terminology > Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nervous System Deck (97):
1

connection of nerves

pons

2

nerve fiber cross over; life center

medulla oblongata

3

thinking, personality, sensations, movement, memory

cerebrum

4

relay station for sensory impulses, control of awareness, consciousness

thalamus

5

body temp, sleep, appetite, emotions, pituitary control

hypothalamus

6

coordination of voluntary movements

cerebellum

7

thought processes, behavior, personality, emotion

frontal lobe

8

language expression

broca area

9

hearing, understanding, speech, language

temporal lobe

10

language comprehension

Wernicke area

11

vision

occipital lobe

12

body sensations, visual and special perception

parietal lobe

13

accumulation of CSF in the brain
enlarged head and small face
usually in children
infection or tumor blocking ventricle in adults

hydrocephalus

14

to remove pressure on the brain

ventriculoperitoneal shunt

15

patch of hair, mole or dimple, no functional disability, posterior vertebrae have not fused

spina bifida occulta

16

external protruding sac containing meninges and CSF

spina bifida cystica with meningocele

17

external protruding sac containing meninges, CSF and spinal cord associated with paralysis and hydrocephalus

spina bifida cystica with myelomeningocele

18

when does spina bifida occur and to the deficiency of what vitamin

4 weeks into pregnancy
folic acid

19

chronic progressive disorder with 50% of demensia

Alzheimer's Disease

20

age group of alzheimer's

65+

21

Slow Progressive impairment of intellectual function that may compromise language and memory, visuospatial skill, behavior and personality, and cognition (e.g. calculation, abstraction, judgment)

Alzheimer's

22

autopsy reveals what in alzheimer's

neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid deposits/tangles

23

the kind of memory loss in alzheimer's

short and long term (anterograde and retrograde)

24

loss of expression, language comprehension issues (aphasia), thought disorders, problem solving difficulties, can't concentrate or socialize

alzheimer's

25

where ALS effects in the nervous system

upper and lower motor neuron degeneration

26

unexplained weight loss, feel pain, mind is with it, limb weakness, difficulty swallowing and slurred speech, muscle atrophy, hyperactive deep tension reflexes

amylotrophic lateral sclerosis

27

what ALS spares

oculomotor, sensory, and autonomic functions

28

abnormal paroxysmal neuronal discharge in the brain causing a transient disturbance of cerebral function

seizure

29

hand constantly shaking in a seizure, conscious preserved

partial, simple

30

entire body shaking in a seizure, conscious impared

partial, complex

31

seizure limited to a part of a cerebral hemisphere

partial seizure

32

sudden loss of consciousness, falling down, tonic contractions, clonic contractions ,postictal state of confusion/sleep, preceded by an aura,

grand mal/ tonic clonic seizures/ ictal events

33

twitching or jerking movements of the limbs

clonic

34

muscle stiffening

tonic contractions

35

dizziness, numbness, and visual or olfactory disturbances preceding a seizure

aura

36

minor form of seizure, momentary clouding of consciousness and loss of awareness of surroundings

absence seizures

37

weakness after seizures

postictal event

38

pusing in whatever theyre doing, confision, and memory problems

complex partial seizure in a temporal lobe epileptic

39

seizure lasting more than 30 minutes without recovery

status epilepticus

40

contralateral postictal paralysis, persistent weakness less than 24 hours after seizure

Todd's paralysis

41

dementia and chorea with gradual onset and slow progress

Huntington disease

42

random and involuntary muscle jerking

chorea

43

chromosome 4, autosomal dominant

Huntington disease

44

dysphagia, dysarthria, loss of short term memory, impaired judgement, intellectual declide, emotional disturbances, depression, anxiety, delusion, aggressiveness, urinary and bowel incontinence

Huntington disease

45

inflammatory progressive demyelination of white matter in brain and spinal cord

multiple sclerosis

46

age of onset of MS

less than 55

47

weakness, numbness, tingling, unsteadiness, spastic, paraparesis, diplopia, sphincter disturbances (urgency or hesitation), optic atrophy, sensory loss, ataxia, hyperreflexic, remission and relapses

MS

48

disorder of neuromuscular junction from a pure motor syndrom

myasthenia gravis

49

weakness and fatigue of the extra ocular, pharyngeal, facial, cervical, proximal limb, and respiratory musculature

myasthenia gravis

50

autoimmune disorder, antibodies block ACh from neural transmission

myasthenia gravis

51

ptosis, diplopia, facial weakness, fatigue chewing, dysphagia and dysarthria, dysphonia, neck and proximal limb weakness, respiratory weakness

myasthenia gravis

52

damage to the cerebrum during gestation or birth

cerebral palsy

53

unilateral facial paralysis secondary to a problem with CN 7, complete recovery possible

Bell's palsy

54

chronic, degenerative basal ganglia disease

parkinson's

55

tremor, muscular weakness, rigidity, shuffling gait, postural instability

parkinson's

56

Parkinson's aka...

paralysis agitans

57

mask face, infrequent blinking, positive Myerson sign, pill-rolling, bradykinesia, possible decreased intellectual function

parkinson's

58

repetitive tapping on the bridge of the nose produces a sustained blink

Myerson sign

59

motor and vocal tics, involuntary, brief, repetitive,

Tourette syndrome

60

painful unilateral dermatomal eruption, reactivation of chickenpox, prodromal phase, tingling, itching, knifelike pain, fatigue, malaise, headache, fever, dermatomal rash, weakness, erythrematous and maculopapular rash to grouped vesicles

shinges (herpes zoster)

61

neurologic complications from HIV

HIV encephalopathy

62

ADC

Aids dementia complex

63

most common type of brain tumor and most common cause of new onset seizure in middle age

glioblastoma

64

survival time of glioblastoma

less than 1/5 survive over 1 year

65

hemiparesis, vision changes, seizure, confusion, obtundation, headache

glioblastoma

66

benign tumor arising from arachnoid cells, asymptomatic sometimes, hemiparesis, seizures, headache, sphincter disorder

meningiomas

67

patient with loss of conscious for ____ should be seen at hospital

> 2 minutes

68

no evidence of structural damage with head injury

concussion

69

skull fracture, cerebral edema, increased ICP head injury

contusion

70

bruising around the orbit

raccoon sign

71

blood in external auditory meatus

battle sign

72

raccoon sign, battle sign, CSF leakage from ear or nose, cranial nerve palsies

basilar skull fracture

73

tear of veins between dura and arachnoid membrane, blunt trauma

subdural hematoma

74

progressive change in mental status, focal neurological signs with or without LOC, headache, hemiparesis, unretractive pupil, ophthalmoplegia, possible seizure

subdural hematoma

75

tear of the middle meningeal artery of venous sinus between skull and dura

epidural hematoma

76

lethal, transient recovery of consciousness, progressive obtundation, gradual decline of mental status until comatose, concave blood clot

epidural hematoma

77

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

78

suddenly developing neurological deficit related to impaired cerebral blood flow

stroke

79

carotid atherosclerosis, hypercoaguabe states, oral contraceptives, HTN, drugs

cerebrovascular accident/ stroke

80

HTN, DM, hypercoaguable, family history

stroke risk factors

81

neurological deficits caused by ischemia <24 hours

transient cerebral ischemia (TIA)

82

commonly at carotid bifurcation, possibly of ulcerated plaque, migrating to the brain and causing ____... TIA

embolus formation

83

rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve disease, cardia arrhythmia, atrial myxoma... TIA

hematologic causes

84

onset abrupt and without warning, recovery rapid, vertebrobasilar ischemia and carotid artery ischemia

transient cerebral ischemia

85

severe, reoccurring, unilateral, vascular, headache

migraine

86

pulsatile, onset abrupt, unilateral, NV, duration (4-72 hours) POUND

migraine

87

produces 70% of CSF

choroid plexus

88

amount of CSF present at each time; amount produced daily

90-150ml; 500ml

89

CSF withdrawn between two lumbar vertebrae

lumbar puncture

90

X ray imaging of arterial blood vessels in brain, contrast injected,

cerebral angiography

91

better for acute hemorrhage or subarachnoid space of brain

CT!

92

best for posterior fossa tumars and brain stem glioma and spinal cord

MRI

93

three dimensional image of function processes in body, nuclear injection, aided by CT performed at the same time

positron emission tomography

94

sound waves detect blood flow in carotid and intracranial arteries

Doppler ultrasound

95

measurement of electrical activity produced by the brain

electroencephalogram (EEG)

96

specialized instruments to target specific areas of brain, gamma knife

stereotactic radiosurgery

97

precise radiation therapy to treat brain tumors, non-surgical, treats tumor tissue and arteriovenous malformations (AVM)-causes strokes in young people

stereotactic radiosurgery