It is important that an EMT takes care of his or her own health and well-being by focusing on:
Prevention and wellness
Organisms that cause infection, such as viruses and bacteria, are:
Equipment and procedures that protect you from the blood and body fluids of the patient are referred to as:
Gloves, masks, and gowns are examples of:
The positive form of stress that helps people work under pressure and respond effectively is:
A communicable disease that results in an infection that causes inflammation of the liver is:
The goal of the critical incident stress debriefing is to:
assist emergency care workers in dealing with the stress of an incident.
The first stage of stress is also known as:
The stage of grieving in which a patient seeks to postpone death, even for a short time, is:
It is important that the EMT follow the same path in and out of a crime scene to:
prevent disturbing the crime scene
The agency that has issued strict guidelines detailing precautions against exposure to blood-borne pathogens is the:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Which of the following materials is NOT recommended for gloves to be used when there is the potential for contact with blood and other body fluids?
Personal protective equipment includes all of the following EXCEPT:
a. HEPA respirator
b. Vinyl gloves
In cases where TB is suspected, use a:
a. HEPA respirator
b. PPD gown
c. Cotton mask
d. Surgical mask
A. HEPA respirator
A situation that would usually call for the use of a gown as protection would be one involving:
a. Venous bleeding
c. A patient with a diagnosis of TB
d. A patient with a fractured leg
The set of conditions resulting from a patient’s immune system being attacked by the human immunodeficiency virus is known as:
a. hepatitis B.
The three word that sum up the actions required to respond to danger are:
plan, observe, react.
A delayed stress reaction is more commonly known as a(n):
post-traumatic stress disorder
The test that can detect exposure to tuberculosis is the :
Under the Ryan White CARE Act, the officials in every emergency response organization who gather facts about possible emergency responder exposure to infectious diseases are the:
_________ ___________ are spread by tiny droplets sprayed during breathing, coughing, or sneezing.
Standard Precautions are also referred to as _______ _______.
OSHA rules state that employers must develop a written exposure control plan and must provide emergency care providers with training, immunizations, and proper ______ _______ __________.
personal protective equipment
_________ refers to the introduction of disease or infectious materials.
Protective eyewear should provide protection from the _______ and the ________.
EMS personnel treating a patient suspected of having TB should use a(n) ___________ or __________ respirator.
The infectious disease that kills the largest number of health-care workers in the United States each year is __________ __________.
The _________ __________ is the time between contact and first appearance of symptoms.
The main culprits in the transmission of many deadly infectious diseases are ________ and ________ ________.
blood, body fluids
The _______ _________ _______ Act mandates a procedure by which emergency personnel can seek to find out if they have been exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases while providing patient care.
Ryan White CARE
Hepatitis B and HIV/AIDS are examples of __________ diseases.
Stress has a positive form called _______ and a negative form called __________.
Signs and symptoms of a(n) ______ _______ ________ include the onset of difficulty breathing or chest pain just after a catastrophe.
acute stress reaction
An EMT can maintain well-being by adopting _______ health practices such as exercise, eating right, and regular checkups.
The great pandemic of 1918 and the recent H1N1 outbreak are both examples of the ________ virus.
A(n) ________ _________ _________ _________ is a process in which a team of trained peer counselors and mental health professionals meet with rescuers and health-care providers who have been involved in a major incident.
critical incident stress debriefing
To reduce stress, consider reducing the consumption of ________ and ________, which can have negative, effects, including anxiety and disturbance of sleep patterns.
Wearing safe clothing and carrying a radio are two ways that the EMT can ________ for danger.
When there is an accident involving chemicals or when containers holding them begin to leak, there can be a(n) ________ ___________ _________, which may pose serious dangers to you as an EMT.
hazardous materials incident
The EMT’s first priority at scenes involving violence is to be certain that the ________ ________ ________.
scene is safe.
True or False. Keeping yourself safe is your priority when providing medical care as an EMT.
True or False. Diseases are cause by pathogens, which may be spread through the air or by contact with blood or other body fluids.
True or False. In the practice of prehospital emergency care, all body fluids must be considered infectious.
True or False. Under OSHA guidelines, employers and employees share responsibility for precautions against exposure to blood-borne pathogens.
True or False. Recent legislation has made it possible for emergency care providers to be notified if a patient exposure to blood-borne pathogens.
True or False. It is imperative that the EMT changes gloves between every patient contact.
True or False. Because EMTs wear protective gloves while with patients, hand washing is not essential immediately after each call.
True or False. An N95 or HEPA respirator should be worn after contact with an HIV-positive patient.
True or False. In some jurisdictions, when a patient is suspected of having an infection spread by droplets, a surgical-type mask may be placed on the patient if he is alert and cooperative.
True or False. TB is highly conatagious.
True or False. HIV/AIDS presents a greater risk to health-care workers than hepatitis and TB.
True or False. Clean and sanitary conditions of the emergency response vehicles and work sites are the responsibility of both the EMT and the employer.
True or False. According to CDC guidelines, exposure to airborne pathogens may occur when you share “air space” with a TB patient.
True or False. An EMT exposed to blood-borne pathogens should seek medical attention within four weeds of the exposure.
True or False. If a contaminated patient is brought into an ambulance, the vehicle should be considered contaminated and should not be used again until it is thoroughly decontaminated.
True or False. Emergencies are rarely stressful.
True of False. Post-traumatic stress disorder is caused by a cumulative stress disorder.
True or False. Relaxing at the bar with your partner is a good way to unwind after a tough call.
True or False. The CISM process is controversial.
True of False. Prevention is the best way to minimize illness and injury.