Chapter 24 Neuromuscular Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 24 Neuromuscular Disorders Deck (19):
0

MG patients have inadequate secretion of this neurotransmitter

Acetylcholine

1

Generalized muscular weakness of patient with MG

Myasthenic crisis

2

Drug used to diagnose MG

Edrophonium

3

Involuntary muscle twitching

Fasciculations

4

First acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used to control MG

Neostigmine

5

Abnormal pupil constriction

Mitosis

6

MS forms plaques on this area of the nerve

Myelin sheath

7

A direct acting drug that is effective in reducing spasticity in patients with MS

Dantrium

8

Drooling, excessive tearing, sweating and mitosis are signs of

Cholinergic crisis
Myasthenic crisis

Cholinergic crisis

9

Emergency med given to patient exhibiting signs of cholinergic crisis
Valium
Tension
Atropine

Atropine

10

If provider considering diagnosis of MS what test will he likely order

MRI

11

When patient is receiving mestinon there is increased toxicity if this drug is taken

Tetracycline

12

Imuran and betaseron are biologic response modifiers and immunosuppressants. They are used to decrease or increase inflammatory process of the nerve fibers

Decrease
They reduce spasticity and improve muscular movement

13

How do centrally acting muscle relaxants improve MS

Decrease pain
Increase ROM

14

Side effects of Robaxin

Brown urine
Drowsiness

15

Contraindication of Diazapam

Narrow angle glaucoma

16

Central acting muscle relaxant
Utilized for muscle spasms

Carisoprodol (Soma)

17

Used specifically for spasticity either due to trauma or MS

Baclofen

18

Side effects of carisoprodol and baclofen

Drowsiness
Dizziness
Nausea
Hypotension
Baclofen does not have abuse potential
Carisoprodol is a schedule IV