Chapter 43 Diuretics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 43 Diuretics Deck (13):
0

Sodium loss in urine

Natriuresis

1

Most frequently prescribed osmotic diuretic

Mannitol
Used to treat intracranial pressure and cerebral edema and crosses blood brain barrier

2

Main side effect of potassium sparing diuretics

Hyperkalemia

3

Increased urine flow

Diuresis

4

Hormone that affects the body's sodium levels

Aldosterone

5

Which groups of diuretics are frequently prescribed to treat hypertension and CHF

Loop and thiazide diuretics

6

Pharmacological action of spironolactone

Promote potassium retention and sodium excretion

7

Classification of furosemide

Loop diuretic

8

Normal potassium level

3.5 to 5.3

9

Side effects of HCTZ

Diarrhea
Dizziness

10

Foods encouraged in diet when taking furosemide

Raisins
Baked potatoes
Tomatoes
Since high in potassium

11

Onset of action of HCTZ

Two hours

12

Standard dosage range for mannitol

1.2 g followed by 0.25 mg to 1 g of a 15 to 25 percent solution infused over 30-90 mins