Name the three types of anchors
- Natural anchors
- Structural anchors
- Pseudo anchors
What are 'P' rated carabiners rated to?
- Major axis minimum strength 26.67 (27)kN
- Minor axis minimum strength 7.33 kN
What are 'G' rated carabiners rated to?
- Major axis minimum strength 40kN
- Minor axis minimum strength 10.67kN
At Special rescue events the firefighter's role is to help the special rescue unit, this may include:
- Hazard control -
- Equipment retrieval -
- Support -
- Crowd control -
- Fire control -
- Rescue practices -
A Special Rescue event may comprise of what types of situations?
- -Structural collapse -
- Trench Collapse -
- Cave and Tunnel emergencies -
- Water and Ice emergencies -
- Elevator and Escalator emergencies -
- Energized electrical line emergencies -
- Agricultural emergencies
What are the basic elemental units of measurement for: -Length -Weight -Time -Temperature
- Length- meter (m)
- Weight- gram (g)
- Time- second (s)
- Temperature- kelvin (K)
What is the formula for: Speed
Speed= Distance/Time Unit= m/s
What is the formula for: Acceleration
Acceleration= (Distance/Time)/Time Unit= m/s2
What is the formula for: Force
Force= Mass x Acceleration Unit= Newton (N)
Applying the rounding up principle:
A one person load will equal ___?
A two person load will equal ___?
1 person= 1kN
2 person= 2kN
A rescuer working with any "Moving" rope must wear
What is the rating of the Steel Triangular Screw link
Breaking strength: 44.03 kN
-Constructed to withstand multidirectional forces
- Used where a carabiner wouldbe subjected to multidirectional forces
List the names and ratings of the Steel and Aluminium Carabiners
"G" steel lite locking- 44.7kN, 173g- all rescue loads
"G" Large steel D locking- 50kN, 210g- all rescue loads
"P" Aluminium 'P' rated- 27kN, 73g- Personal connections only
Name and Rating of the PMP
Prusik Minding Pulley
Breaking strength 36kN
Ratings of the Twin Prusik Minding Pulley
Breaking strength 45kN
What are the ratings for the Mini- PMP
Breaking strength- 17kN
Rating for the 540 Rescue Belay
Ratings of the Rescue Brake Bar
Ratings of Rigging Plates
Ratings of Swivels
Rating of Yellow Plastic Basket Stretcher, with a stainless steel top rail
Size- 213cm x 60cm x 18cm
What determines the need for a rope rescue
Any event where a patient or rescuer has a possibility of a fall
What unit of force is used to rate strength of equipment used by EFRS
What is the formula to calculate the KiloNewton?
F=m x a
F= kg x m/s2
'P' rated carabiners are rated at
'G' rated carabiners are rated at
What is the strongest part of the carabiner?
It's long (or major) axis
Why is it necessar to use padding over edges when performing a rope rescue?
The rope must be protected from damage during operation
Define natuarl anchors
The most common type of natural anchors are trees, large rocks, and outcroppings that can be wrapped with webbing or ropes.
Describe Structural anchors
A place of structural integrity such as major load bearing beams and billars, window washer anchros, window/door frames, roof scuppers etc.