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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (43)
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1

 

Name the three types of anchors

 

 

  • Natural anchors
  • Structural anchors
  • Pseudo anchors

2

 

What are 'P' rated carabiners rated to?

 

 

"Personal use"

  • Major axis minimum strength 26.67 (27)kN
  • Minor axis minimum strength 7.33 kN

 

3

 

What are 'G' rated carabiners rated to?

 

 

"General Use"

  • Major axis minimum strength 40kN
  • Minor axis minimum strength 10.67kN

 

4

 

At Special rescue events the firefighter's role is to help the special rescue unit, this may include:

 

 

  • Hazard control -
  • Equipment retrieval -
  • Support -
  • Crowd control -
  • Fire control -
  • Rescue practices -

 

5

A Special Rescue event may comprise of what types of situations?

  • -Structural collapse -
  • Trench Collapse -
  • Cave and Tunnel emergencies -
  • Water and Ice emergencies -
  • Elevator and Escalator emergencies -
  • Energized electrical line emergencies -
  • Agricultural emergencies

6

What are the basic elemental units of measurement for: -Length -Weight -Time -Temperature

  • Length- meter (m)
  • Weight- gram (g)
  • Time- second (s)
  • Temperature- kelvin (K)

7

What is the formula for: Speed

Speed= Distance/Time Unit= m/s

8

What is the formula for: Acceleration

Acceleration= (Distance/Time)/Time Unit= m/s2

9

What is the formula for: Force

Force= Mass x Acceleration Unit= Newton (N)

10

Applying the rounding up principle:

 

A one person load will equal ___?

 

A two person load will equal ___?

1 person= 1kN

2 person= 2kN

11

A rescuer working with any "Moving" rope must wear

Gloves

12

What is the rating of the Steel Triangular Screw link

Breaking strength: 44.03 kN

Weight: 153g

 

-Constructed to withstand multidirectional forces

- Used where a carabiner wouldbe subjected to multidirectional forces

13

List the names and ratings of the Steel and Aluminium Carabiners

"G" steel lite locking- 44.7kN, 173g- all rescue loads

"G" Large steel D locking- 50kN, 210g- all rescue loads

"P" Aluminium 'P' rated- 27kN, 73g- Personal connections only

14

Name and Rating of the PMP

Prusik Minding Pulley

Breaking strength 36kN

Weight 310g

15

Ratings of the Twin Prusik Minding Pulley

Breaking strength 45kN

Weight 580g

 

16

What are the ratings for the Mini- PMP

Breaking strength- 17kN

Weight- 80g

17

Rating for the 540 Rescue Belay

MBS- 36kN

Weight- 990g

18

Ratings of the Rescue Brake Bar

MBS- 40kN

Weight- 500g

19

Ratings of Rigging Plates

MBS- 44.4kN

Weight- 638g

20

Ratings of Swivels

MBS- 35.58kN

21

Rating of Yellow Plastic Basket Stretcher, with a stainless steel top rail

Weight- 14kg

Size- 213cm x 60cm x 18cm

22

What determines the need for a rope rescue

Any event where a patient or rescuer has a possibility of a fall

23

What unit of force is used to rate strength of equipment used by EFRS

KiloNewton (kN)

24

What is the formula to calculate the KiloNewton?

F=m x a

F= kg x m/s2

25

'P' rated carabiners are rated at

26.67kN

(27kN)

26

'G' rated carabiners are rated at

40kN

27

What is the strongest part of the carabiner?

It's long (or major) axis

28

Why is it necessar to use padding over edges when performing a rope rescue?

The rope must be protected from damage during operation

29

Define natuarl anchors

The most common type of natural anchors are trees, large rocks, and outcroppings that can be wrapped with webbing or ropes.

30

Describe Structural anchors

A place of structural integrity such as major load bearing beams and billars, window washer anchros, window/door frames, roof scuppers etc.