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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (43):
1

 

Name the three types of anchors

 

 

  • Natural anchors
  • Structural anchors
  • Pseudo anchors

2

 

What are 'P' rated carabiners rated to?

 

 

"Personal use"

  • Major axis minimum strength 26.67 (27)kN
  • Minor axis minimum strength 7.33 kN

 

3

 

What are 'G' rated carabiners rated to?

 

 

"General Use"

  • Major axis minimum strength 40kN
  • Minor axis minimum strength 10.67kN

 

4

 

At Special rescue events the firefighter's role is to help the special rescue unit, this may include:

 

 

  • Hazard control -
  • Equipment retrieval -
  • Support -
  • Crowd control -
  • Fire control -
  • Rescue practices -

 

5

A Special Rescue event may comprise of what types of situations?

  • -Structural collapse -
  • Trench Collapse -
  • Cave and Tunnel emergencies -
  • Water and Ice emergencies -
  • Elevator and Escalator emergencies -
  • Energized electrical line emergencies -
  • Agricultural emergencies

6

What are the basic elemental units of measurement for: -Length -Weight -Time -Temperature

  • Length- meter (m)
  • Weight- gram (g)
  • Time- second (s)
  • Temperature- kelvin (K)

7

What is the formula for: Speed

Speed= Distance/Time Unit= m/s

8

What is the formula for: Acceleration

Acceleration= (Distance/Time)/Time Unit= m/s2

9

What is the formula for: Force

Force= Mass x Acceleration Unit= Newton (N)

10

Applying the rounding up principle:

 

A one person load will equal ___?

 

A two person load will equal ___?

1 person= 1kN

2 person= 2kN

11

A rescuer working with any "Moving" rope must wear

Gloves

12

What is the rating of the Steel Triangular Screw link

Breaking strength: 44.03 kN

Weight: 153g

 

-Constructed to withstand multidirectional forces

- Used where a carabiner wouldbe subjected to multidirectional forces

13

List the names and ratings of the Steel and Aluminium Carabiners

"G" steel lite locking- 44.7kN, 173g- all rescue loads

"G" Large steel D locking- 50kN, 210g- all rescue loads

"P" Aluminium 'P' rated- 27kN, 73g- Personal connections only

14

Name and Rating of the PMP

Prusik Minding Pulley

Breaking strength 36kN

Weight 310g

15

Ratings of the Twin Prusik Minding Pulley

Breaking strength 45kN

Weight 580g

 

16

What are the ratings for the Mini- PMP

Breaking strength- 17kN

Weight- 80g

17

Rating for the 540 Rescue Belay

MBS- 36kN

Weight- 990g

18

Ratings of the Rescue Brake Bar

MBS- 40kN

Weight- 500g

19

Ratings of Rigging Plates

MBS- 44.4kN

Weight- 638g

20

Ratings of Swivels

MBS- 35.58kN

21

Rating of Yellow Plastic Basket Stretcher, with a stainless steel top rail

Weight- 14kg

Size- 213cm x 60cm x 18cm

22

What determines the need for a rope rescue

Any event where a patient or rescuer has a possibility of a fall

23

What unit of force is used to rate strength of equipment used by EFRS

KiloNewton (kN)

24

What is the formula to calculate the KiloNewton?

F=m x a

F= kg x m/s2

25

'P' rated carabiners are rated at

26.67kN

(27kN)

26

'G' rated carabiners are rated at

40kN

27

What is the strongest part of the carabiner?

It's long (or major) axis

28

Why is it necessar to use padding over edges when performing a rope rescue?

The rope must be protected from damage during operation

29

Define natuarl anchors

The most common type of natural anchors are trees, large rocks, and outcroppings that can be wrapped with webbing or ropes.

30

Describe Structural anchors

A place of structural integrity such as major load bearing beams and billars, window washer anchros, window/door frames, roof scuppers etc.

31

Describe Pseudo anchors

These are anchor points that may be used as an anchor, but under certain conditions it may move.

32

What does the acronym IDEAS stand for?

  • Integrity
  • Direction of force
  • Equalization and no Extension
  • Angles
  • System of Anchors

33

What are the three tests of a rescue system?

  • White board analysis
    • Does the system function as intended?
    • How do you know for sure?
  • Critical points examination
    • are all points backed up by another system
    • could one point fail and cause a serious accident
  • Whistle test
    • if every rescuer let go of their system, would the system still protect the patient and the rescuer?

34

What does SSSF mean?

Static System Safety Factor

35

Name the equipment used to construct a proper anchor?

  • Webbing
  • Rope
  • Industrial slings
  • Carabiners
  • Rigging plate
  • Swivel

36

What is the SSSF followed by EFRS?

10:1

37

Who on the team can call for a STOP?

Anyone

  • Everyone has the responsibility to call stop if they recognize a hazard. The team leader must inquire the reason for the stop.

38

Explain the I in IDEAS

Integrity

  • Integrity of anchor point
  • How is it rooted to ground/building
  • Does it have sufficient mass to suppor the force that may be applied to it?

39

Explain the D in IDEAS

Direction of force

  • Direction of the force of the load upon the anchor
  • anchor should be in line with the force being applied, or any anticipated direction of force

40

Define the A in IDEAS

Angles

  • Examine for Critical angles
    • These may cause failure in the system

41

Explain the E in IDEAS

Equalization and No Extension

  • Anchor legs should have equal tension
    • This shares the load
  • No Extension in the system
    • Extension is movement of the focal point.
    • Should one anchor leg fail there should not be any extension of the anchor legs causing high impact forces to be placed on teh remaining anchor point

42

What are the degrees of force on each leg of an anchor with a critical angle of:

  • 0
  • 30
  • 90
  • 120
  • 150
  • 180

 

0 = 50%

30 = 52%

90 = 70%

120 = 100%

150 = 200%

180 = Infinite

43

Explain the S in IDEAS

System of Anchors

  • What type of anchor system is required
    • What are the advantages/disadvantages of the system