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Flashcards in Chapter 30 Deck (40):
1

Explain the Platinum Ten concept

In order to enhance the Golden Hour
- Remove Patient from vehicle/entanglement and be enroute to a trauma centre within 10 minutes of our arrival on scene

2

List the practical Applications of ParaTech

Trench Rescue
Building Collapse
Vehicle stabilization
Lifting

3

List the Types of Collisions

Head on
T-Bone
Rear-End
Rotational
Roll Over

4

Safety can be divided into which categories of priority

Rescue Personnel Safety
Scene Safety
Patient Safety

5

What must take place during the Golden Hour?

Notification
Dispatch
Response
Scene Stabilization
Vehicle Stabilization
Patient Extrication
Patient Packaging
Patient Transport
Stabilization in the Emergency Room
Surgical Intervention

6

What are the two types of glass found in automobiles?

Safety Glass
Tempered Glass

7

Explain the 5-10-20 Rule

Rescuers must stay
5" away from Side air bags
10" away from driver air bag
20" away from passenger air bags

8

What are the Hybrid vehicle Emergency Procedures

Hybrid vehicle identification
Vehicle stabilization
Access to passenger compartment
Turn key to OFF position and remove from ignition
Check that the Green light goes out
Disconnect the 12v battery

9

What are the rules of thumb for wooden cribbing

Finished height cannot be > 3x working length of the timbers
Flat level base
Crib as you go
Do not place body part between crib and vehicle

10

What belongs in the cold zone?

All other operations established here:
Fire Command
Tool staging
Personnel Staging
Apparatus placement

-General public kept outside the cold zone

11

Define the Hot zone

Location where the extrication is taking place and the hazards exist

12

Whats should be placed in the warm zone?

Hydraulic pumps
essential tools
Parts removed from vehicles
Charged handline

13

How big is the Outer circle?

3-5m in diameter around the inner circle.
Influenced by topography and traffic hazards

14

What factors influence Inner Circle size?

Number of patients
Degree of entrapment/ extrication needs
Number, conditon and size of vehicles
Other hazardous conditions

15

What is looked for within the Outer circle

Hazards
Victims
Other potential problems
They can/Should also question bystanders

16

What questions should be asked during a size up?

What HAS happened
What IS happening
What RESOURCES are needed
What is LIKELY to happen
What HAZARDS need to be mitigated

17

List the components of Rescue Personnel Safety

Position responding unit in a manner to protect the crew from traffic
Always wear full PPE
Eye protection
Gloves
Fire helmet
Traffic safety vest
Full Duty gear

18

List the components of Scene Safety

Hazard controls (fluids, Elec, weather etc)
Have handline at the ready
Have fire extinguisher ready
Traffic control
Crowd control
Control of other agencies (police, ems, epcor)

19

What needs to be assessed in the size up?

Number and condition of vehicles
number of patients
extrication needs
Hazardous conditions

20

List the types of framework

Uni-body
Full Frame
Space Frame

21

What are the Three Compartments in a vehicle

Engine Compartment
Passenger Compartment
Storage/Cargo Compartment

22

List the steps of scene management

Arrival
- Establish command
- Initial scene overview
Size up
- Inner/outer circle
Incident Action Plan
- Establish zones(Hot/war/cold/tool staging)
-Initiate Extrication

23

Define Displacement

Re aligning, adjustment or re-positioning of existing major parts

24

Disentanglement can include what operations?

Displacement
Distortion
Severance
Disassembly

25

Explain Distortion

The bending of the sheet metal or any components of the vehicle

26

Explain Disassembly

As defined, it is the physical act of taking apart vehicle components

27

Explain Severance

The physical act of removing parts of the vehicle

28

Why should air be left in the tires?

EPS Investigations of tire pressures
Towing

29

List the types of tools used in Extrication

Striking tools
Prying Tools
Cutting Tools
Pushing/Pulling Tools
Supporting Tools

30

Tools can be powered by any of which methods?

Manual
Electrical
Pneumatic
Hydraulic
Gas-powered

31

List the types of Striking Tools

Sledge Hammers
Mauls, Picks
Axes, mallets
Hammers
Punches
Chisels

32

List the types of Prying tools

Crow bar
Halagen
Pry Bar
Claw tool
Pry axe
Flat bar

33

List the types of cutting tools

Chopping tools
Snipping tools
Saws
Knives

34

List the types of Pushing/Pulling tools

Jack all
Rescue winch
Air lifting bags
Holmatro
- spreaders
-ram
-combi tool

35

List the types of Supporting tools

Air struts
Wood cribbing
Step Chucks
Wedges
Chains
Ropes
Webbing
Anchor slings
Jack All
come-along

36

What are the principle parts of the air strut

The piston
The barrel
Collar
Base plate
Tip
Valve

37

What are Rescue Incidents

Involve the removal and treatment of victims from situations involving natural elements, structural collapse, elevation differences, or any other situation not considered to be an extrication incident

38

What are Extrication incidents

Involve the removal and treatment of victims who are trapped by some type of man-made machinery or equipment

39

What factors should be noted upon arrival/approach

Potential traffic hazards
Numbers, types, and positions of vehicles involved
Fire potential and possibility of hazardous material involvement
Utilities involved
Need for additional resources
Priority to position initial responding unit to protect the scene and responders so assessment and assistance can be initiated

40

List the components of Patient Safety

Protect the patient from further harm by stabilizing the scene, and vehicles involved
cover the patient as needed
Someone should stay with the patient because of all the noise of extrication ( hearing protection may be offered if feasible)
Being covered will only add to the stress of the patient. Provide the patient with comfort and perform a complete primary survey