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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (43):
0

Who sent the Spanish Armada to try and convert England back to Catholicism?

King Philip the 2nd.

1

Who established Roanoke?

Sir Walter Raleigh

2

What was the word left behind on Roanoke Island that John White saw when he returned?

Croatoan

3

What are documents that gave rights to establish settlements from King James I?

Charters

4

What is a joint-stock company?

Investors buy stock and get a percent of profit

5

What was the settlement established by the Virginia Company?

Jamestown

6

Who was the first governor of the Jamestown settlement?

Captain John Smith

7

What crop saved Jamestown?

Tobacco

8

Who married the daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas?

John Rolfe

9

What was the legislative assembly of Jamestown?

Burgesses

10

What was the official Church of England after the Protestant Reformation?

Anglican Church

11

Who were the Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church?

The puritans

12

Who were the Protestants who wanted to leave and set up their own churches?

Separatists

13

Who were the separatists who came to the colonies for religious freedom?

Pilgrims

14

What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims came to America on?

The May flower

15

What percentage of Pilgrims passed away after their first winter?

50%

16

Who were the two people showed the Pilgrims how to grow crops and where to hunt and fish?

Squanto and samoset

17

What Native American group participated in the First Thanksgiving?

The Wampanoag

18

What was the Puritan society that was based on the Bible?

Quakers

19

What was the Great Migration?

The migration of over 1600 Quakers to mass.

20

What city and colony did Thomas Hooker establish?

Hartford Connecticut

21

What was special about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?

The fundamental orders of Connecticut was Americas first constitution

22

What was the Native American name for King Phillip?

Metacomet

23

What was the name of the Dutch Colony in North America?

New Netherlands

24

What was the main settlement of the Dutch colony?

New Amsterdam

25

What was the name of the landowners who received grants to increase New Netherland's population?

Patrons

26

After the British take over this Dutch colony what was its name changed to?

New York

27

What was the name of the colony founded by William Penn?

Penselyvania

28

What is a pacifist?

Some one who refuses to fight

29

What was the economy of the Southern Colonies driven by?

Plantations

30

What were indentured servants?

Laborer under contract by an employer in exchange for transport to America

31

What colony was founded by George Calvert?

Maryland

32

What law granted Maryland residents the right to worship freely?

The act of toleration

33

What is the cultural boundary between the Northern and Southern Colonies?

The Mason-Dixon Line

34

Who led a rebellion and was called “the greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia”?

Nathaniel Bacon

35

What were the two main crops mentioned about North Carolina?

Timber and tobacco

36

What were the two main crops mentioned about South Carolina?

Rice and indigo

37

What was the colony founded in New France?

Louisiana

38

Who were settlers that paid their landlord an annual rent & worked a fixed number of days each year?

Tenet farmers

39

Which country had the best relations with the Native Americans at this time?

France

40

What three types of people did the Spanish send to settle New Mexico?

Soldiers and mission ary

41

What were missions?

Religious settlements to convert native Americans to cothalism

42

What was the first English settlement

Roanoke