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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
0

What does salutary neglect mean?

Not strictly enforcing laws

1

Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?

To pay off the war debt

2

What is smuggling?

Importing or exporting without paying the proper taxes

3

What was George Grenville’s first action in the colonies? (To combat what?)

Smuggling

4

What are the writs of assistance?

Documents that permeated customs officers to accuse people of smuggling

5

How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?

It lowered the tax on molasses

6

What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)

British officers could seize goods without trial which went agents the innocent until proven guilty

7

What was the Stamp Act?

Placed taxes on almost all forms of paper

8

Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?

Patrick Henry

9

What was the name of the settlement created between the Holston and Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost at the Battle of Alamance?

Watauga

10

Who owned the ship Liberty?

John Hancook

11

What event did the Colonists use as an example of propaganda?

The Boston massacre

12

What is information designed to influence opinion?

Propaganda

13

How many people were killed at the Boston Massacre?

Five

14

What Acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?

Townshed acts

15

What occurs when only one company controls a product?

A monopoly

16

What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?

The Boston Tea party

17

During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?

The British empire

18

As a punishment for the Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?

The coercive acts

19

What were these acts called by the colonists?

The intolerable acts

20

Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?

No

21

What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?

The minute men

22

What was Paul Revere famous for shouting?

The regulars are out

23

What battle featured the “shot heard ‘round the world”?

The battle of Lexington

24

Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill?

General Prescott

25

What is his famous quote from this battle?

Don't fire till you see the wights of their eyes

26

What did the British find out after the Battle of Bunker Hill?

That defeating the Americans would not be easy

27

Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon the colonies not good reasons to rebel?

Loyalists or Tories

28

Who were determined to fight the British until independence is gained?

Patriots or rebels

29

Who headed up the first post office in America?

Benjamin Franklin

30

What was created by the Second Continental Congress to better organize military efforts?

The Declaration of Independence

31

What expressed the colonists desire for peace?

The olive branch petition

32

What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?

Common sense

33

What does Paine believe the colonies should be a refuge from?

Tyrants

34

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

35

What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?

July 4th

36

What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

To explain why the colonists wanted to form a new nation

37

Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?

John Hancook

38

What is the introduction of the Declaration of Independence called?

The preamble

39

Did the Declaration of Independence explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation?

yes

40

What was rung on July 8, 1774 at the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence?

The liberty bell