Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (37):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State Department=foreign Affairs
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Secretary of State , secretary of Treasury , secretary of defense , attorney General
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of Treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The judicial act
Who was John Jay?
The first Chief Justice
What is a national debt?
All states pay of a nations debts
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Put them into the national dept
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The south had less battles so they would pay more than their fair share
What is a tariff?
A tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
a civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov’t
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He felt that two was enough
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
The Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
The first 10
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
speech, religion, assembly, press and petition the gov’t.
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause.
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
5th Amendment – Natural rights can not be deprived without due process of law.
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
claiming the BoR are the only rights Americans have.
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
states could be used as protection against the powers of a national gov’t.
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Strong federal govt., rule by the wealthy loose interpretation of the constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State banks , state government , rule by people , strict interpretation of the constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He believed that they would divide a country
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
The X,Y,Z crisis
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
Neutralization act , alien acts , sedition act
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in America for 14 years before they could be a citizen
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed president to deport aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write criticisms to weaken the government
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?
What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He felt it was within the intent of the constitution