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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (35):
0

What is a bicameral legislature?

Two houses

1

What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?

Rebublic

2

What was Americas first constitution

The A.O.C

3

When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?

Nov. 1777

4

How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?

One vote

5

Why was the AoC unsuccessful?

It was not a strong plan of government

6

What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?

Northwest ordnance

7

The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.

Bill of rights

8

The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

9

What state failed at becoming the 14th in modern day northwest Tennessee

The state of franklin

10

What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?

1796 The 16th

11

What is a depression?

A time of economic troubles

12

What was Shays’ Rebellion?

The rebellion of Massachusetts farmers to fight taxes on poor farmers

13

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

The virginia and New Jersey plan

14

What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?

The great compromise

15

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

Allowed the south to count slaves a three fifths of a person increasing the southern population

16

Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

States with more slaves

17

What was a Federalist?

People that supported the constitution

18

What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?

The federalists papers

19

What is an amendment?

Changes to the constitution

20

What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States

9 out of 13

21

What is the supreme law of the land?

The constitution

22

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

Constitution

23

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?

John Locke

24

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?

Federalism

25

What is the final authority in a federal system?

Constitution

26

What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?

Legislative judicial executive

27

Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

The legislative branch

28

Which branch carries out the laws?

The Executive branch

29

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)

A president

30

What power does the President have to check Congress?

Vito power

31

Who elects the President of the United States?

The electoral collage

32

Which branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?

The judicial

33

What is the most distinctive feature of our gov’t?

Separation of power

34

Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?

So no one branch can have all the power