Chapter 3- Communicating Identities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Communicating Identities Deck (26):
1

Importance of ID

Every interaction affects and shapes identity.
Plays an important role in international communication.
Most US life organized around specific ID.

2

Identity-

Who the person is.

3

Two types of Identity:

Primary Id- Race, gender, and nationality.
Secondary Id- College major, occupation, and marital status.

4

Essential characteristics

1. Identities created through interaction w. others.
4. Need to be understood in relation to historical, social, and cultural.

5

Two kinds of perspectives communicated to us-

1. Particular others- People whose influence the community.
2. Generalized others- Belief endorsed by the community. Basic characteristic.

6

Symbolic Interactionism-

Individual meaning for the objects, coming out from symbolic interaction w/ others.

7

Reflected appraisals-

Your self images from how others view them.

8

Looking glass self-

Self image an individual forms by imagining what others think about you.

9

Social comparison-

Judge your characteristic based on how society view them.

10

Self-fulfilling prophecy-

Other's expectations about us. We behave in ways that are consistent to those expectation.

11

Self-fulfilling prophecy have 2 types:
1. self-imposed
2. other-imposed

Self-imposed prophecy: Your expectations influenced your behavior.
Other-imposed prophecy- One person's expectation governs another's actions.

12

Stereotype threat-

Stereotypical expectations can impact their performances.

13

Self-concept-

Set of perceptions you hold of yourself.

14

Self-esteem-

Evaluation of self worth.

15

Performance of individual Identity-

We shows the world who we think we are.

16

Self-presentation-

Presenting an image consistent w/ one's personal identity.

17

Role expectations-

Expecting one to perform in certain way.

18

Racial ID-
Multiracial ID-

- ID w/ a particular group.
- More than 1 racial ID.

19

National ID-

A person's citizenship.

20

Ethnic ID-
Ethnic group-

- Particular group that shares: national, tribal, language or religious affiliation.
- A community shares a common cultural background.

21

Gender ID-
Sexual ID-
Age ID-
Social Class ID-
Disability ID-
Religious ID-

- ID oneself btwn masculinity and femininity.
- Gay, lesbian or straight.
- How old one can be.
- Ranking: income, occupation, and education.
- Physical or mental impairment.
- Spiritual belief.

22

Identity Management
1. Perceived self-
2. Presenting self-

1. Honest reflection of who you want to be.
2. The way we want to appear to others.

23

1. Face-
2. Facework-

Face- socially ID.
Facework- The way we act to maintain present image.

24

1. Save face-
2. Give face-

Save face- Individualistic culture.
Give face- Collectivist culture.

25

Why do we manage impression?

Social rules govern our behavior.
Accomplish personal an relational goals.

26

How do we manage impression?

Manner.
Appearance.
Setting.