CST 110- Summ: Final part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CST 110- Summ: Final part 1 Deck (40):

The first step to critical thinking is to

A. identify the assertion or action.
B. consider what evidence is available.
C. consider what the evidence means.
D. consider other conclusions.
E. keep an open mind.

Identify the assertion or action.


Communication is a complex activity influenced by a variety of factors, including

F. cultural differences.
G. cognitive abilities.
H. social norms.
I. all of the above.

All of the above.


A(n) _____ is something that represents something else and is used to convey meaning.

A. medium
B. message
C. symbol
D. idea



The use of an X to indicate that one should avoid a certain behavior (such as an X through a picture of a cigarette to indicate no smoking) is an example of

A. a symbol.
B. encoding.
C. decoding.
D. verbal communication.

A symbol.


Which of the following is the key component of communication?

A. participants
B. channels
C. noise
D. all of these

All of these.


Calling someone “darling” to indicate you are intimate is an example of

A. the content meaning of a message.
B. the relationship meaning of a message.
C. a nonverbal message.
D. a personal narrative.

The content meaning of a message.


If Paul’s mother was cold and distant during his childhood, the _____ meaning he associates with the word “mother” is likely to be negative.

A. content
B. connotative
C. denotative
D. significant



The manner in which you discipline your child may be different in the grocery store versus at your home because of this component of human communication.

A. setting
B. participants
C. message creation
D. noise



In terms of the _____ of the communication process, asking your classmate versus your instructor for a ride home is likely to have a different impact.

A. setting
B. message creation
C. channels
D. participants



Ending a relationship by writing “It’s over” on a sticky note is a problem of which component of communication?

A. meaning creation
B. channel
C. participants
D. noise



The component of communication that enables a sender of a message to know that the message was received is called

A. the message channel.
B. noise.
C. feedback.
D. setting.



. Messages can be transmitted through which of the following channels?

A. the body
B. the voice
C. a cell phone
D. smoke
E. all of these

All of these.


Which of the following is an example of “noise” that can affect communication in a classroom?

A. a car alarm going off outside a classroom window
B. an overly warm room
C. hungry students
D. a professor who uses big words that students don’t understand
E. all of these

All of these.


When you realize that you are angry and convert that anger into a scowl and a rude comment to your partner, you have _____ a message.

A. decoded
B. symbolized
C. processed
D. encoded



_____ models of communication reveal that communication is an ongoing process and each communicator is a sender and receiver at the same time.

A. Linear
B. Non-linear
C. Interactive
D. Transactional



Concepts such as age, race, and socioeconomic status represent _____ forces which influence communication.

A. societal
B. individual
C. contextual
D. cultural



_____ is the term used to describe how all individual members of the same culture do not think and behave in the same manner.

A. Dynamic
B. Heterogeneous
C. Unique
D. Homogeneous



Communication is a _____ process in which people generate meaning through the exchange of verbal and nonverbal messages in specific contexts and embedded in culture.

A. continuing
B. linear
C. transformative
D. transactional



Which of the following units create ethical codes to reflect beliefs and values?

A. individuals
B. group
C. communities
D. all of the above

All of the above.


In terms of communication ethics, if you fail to mention to your roommate that you accidentally scraped the bumper of her car when you pulled your car into the garage, you have engaged in

A. privacy.
B. secrecy.
C. disqualification.
D. authentic communication.



Which of the following major approaches is the most important to understand the complexity of communication?

A. social scientific
B. interpretive
C. critical
D. they are equally important

They are equally important.


A person’s worldview or _____ characterizes the assumptions one makes about knowledge and the nature of reality

A. interpretation
B. method
C. theory
D. paradigm



A _____ is a set of statements that explains a particular phenomenon.

A. paradigm
B. theory
C. method
D. approach



Examining the behaviors of buyers at a swap meet in order to determine how they interact with sellers, in a natural environment, would involve the _____ approach.

A. social science
B. interpretive
C. critical
D. postmodern



_____ is the renaissance idea that celebrates human nature and its potential.

A. Behaviorism
B. Relativism
C. Positivism
D. Humanism



The _____ approach to communication research and study focuses on the role of power in communication exchanges.

A. social science
B. interpretive
C. critical
D. post-modern



The _____ approach views reality as subjective and material.

A. social science
B. interpretive
C. critical
D. postmodern



When examining a TV series in order to determine how gay and lesbian relationships are portrayed as non-traditional or not “normal,” a researcher utilized textual analysis. This method is associated with _____ approach.

A. social science
B. interpretive
C. critical
D. post-modern



Critical scholars often look to _____ texts to discuss societal norms.

A. media
B. written
C. historical
D. all of the above

All of the above.


A _____ scholar always explores communication in larger societal contexts.

A. social scientific
B. interpretive
C. critical
D. post-modern

Social scientific.


Examples of secondary identities include all of the following EXCEPT:

A. occupation
B. marital status
C. age
D. all of these



Which of the following is NOT true regarding our identity?

A. Identities can be both individual and social.
B. Identities are both fixed and dynamic.
C. Identities are created through our interactions with others.
D. Identities are understood through historical, social, and cultural environments.
E. All of these are true of identities.

E. All of these are true of identities.


. The idea that our self-images are shaped by the ways others view us is called

A. social comparison.
B. self-fulfilling prophecy.
C. reflected appraisals.
D. self-concept.

Reflected appraisals.


Josh’s parents always tell him he’s a wonderful child and express the same sentiment to their friends. This is likely to have a positive impact on his identity according to

A. interaction theory.
B. social contact theory.
C. reflected appraisals.
D. internal appraisals.

Reflected appraisals.


Julia’s football coach told her that she would make an excellent addition to the team because he has seen her practice several times. She’s seeing herself as a great player because of this feedback from a _____ other.

A. central
B. decentralized
C. particular
D. generalized



Based upon information gathered from television and movies, one might assume that coming from a same-sex-parented home is not common. One’s identity may be influenced by these sources, which are referred to as _____ others.

A. central
B. decentralized
C. particular
D. generalized



The idea that most people would be happier in the best house in a not-so-nice neighborhood than they would be in the worst house in a really nice neighborhood is an example of the way _____ can influence our identities.

A. the generalized other
B. social comparisons
C. self-fulfilling prophecies
D. significant experiences

Social comparisons.


The fairly stable perceptions we have of ourselves are referred to as

A. self-esteem.
B. self-concept.
C. social comparison.
D. self-fulfilling prophecy.



If your instructor believes you are a good student and therefore, provides you with extra attention and encouragement, you are likely to perform well in the class. These behaviors are an example of

A. social comparison.
B. self-fulfilling prophecy.
C. the looking-glass self.
D. reflected appraisals.

Reflected appraisals.


Jared is assigned to coach a little league team that finished in last place during the prior season, and he heard many parents talk about the lack of skill on the team. Sure enough, the team finished in last place again. According to _____, this outcome was more likely.

A. the generalized others perspective
B. the self-fulfilling prophecy
C. performing identities
D. the self-esteem perspective

The self-fulfilling prophecy