Flashcards in Chapter 5- Verbal Communication Deck (34):
Functions of language??
Helps communicate effectively.
Increase feeling and liking.
Function of language:
Obtains something that we want.
Ex: Sending Bday letter. Wanting your friends to come.
Control/Regulate behavior of others.
Ex: For your Bday, you ask them to bring gifts.
Communicate info and facts
Ex: Include date and time in invitation.
Ex: When sent invitation, ask them to respond and see if they're available or not.
Establishes and defines social relationship.
Ex: Invite friends to party to help maintain friendship.
FoL: Personal Language-
Using language to express your personality.
Ex: Call your friends using nicknames.
Ex: When invite them, PM them jokes to express humor.
Use language to express ourselves creativity.
Ex: As in dramas.
Component of languages-
Languages has its own rules of grammar.
Sound of words.
Structure of words.
Ex: Vodka makes you're sick when you're well.
Vodka, when you're sick, makes you well.
1. Denotative meaning-
2. Connotative meaning-
Meaning of words.
1. Dictionary meaning.
2. Interpretive meaning.
Emphasized how language is used in specific situations. Context.
Speech Act Theory-
What people said and meant aren't coincide.
Ex: Make a bet. Talking and doing it at the same time.
Ex: Anything could either be an excuse or criticism depends on how you take it as.
The way which communicators organize conservation.
Ex: If being asked, answer it. If you don't know, say so.
Governing what topic are appropriate in different environment.
Ex: You won't discuss certain thing during funerals.
Distinguish by vocab, grammar and pronunciation.
IoL: Lexical choice-
Men and women speaks in different dialects in the US.
IoL: Age (cohort effect)-
Generational differences (people born in same decade views the world in the same way.)
Transitioning from 1 region to another. Including habit and accent.
IoL: Ethnicity and Race-
Can influence syntax, accent and word choice by speaking more languages.
Changing language or dialect in different situation.
IoL: Education and Occupation-
The more educated people are, the more similarity they speak.
Specialized terms in many professions.
Something that stands for something else.
Symbol stands for you.
Are symbols that represent certain things.
Simplify amount of info.
Powerless speech mannerisms-
Can make you appear less authoritative or socially attractive.
"I think, kinda, um, well"
um, uh, hm...
I probably shouldn't say this, but...
"Thank you" and "sorry"
"thank you" and "sorry"
Ignore a person's present.