Chapter 5- Verbal Communication Flashcards Preview

Communication 110 > Chapter 5- Verbal Communication > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5- Verbal Communication Deck (34):
1

Functions of language??

Helps communicate effectively.
Express gratitude.
Increase feeling and liking.

2

Function of language:
Instrumental-

Obtains something that we want.
Ex: Sending Bday letter. Wanting your friends to come.

3

FoL: Regulatory-

Control/Regulate behavior of others.
Ex: For your Bday, you ask them to bring gifts.

4

FoL: Informative-

Communicate info and facts
Ex: Include date and time in invitation.

5

FoL: Heuristic-

Acquiring knowledge/understanding.
Ex: When sent invitation, ask them to respond and see if they're available or not.

6

FoL: Interactional-

Establishes and defines social relationship.
Ex: Invite friends to party to help maintain friendship.

7

FoL: Personal Language-

Using language to express your personality.
Ex: Call your friends using nicknames.
Ex: When invite them, PM them jokes to express humor.

8

FoL: Imaginative-

Use language to express ourselves creativity.
Ex: As in dramas.

9

Component of languages-

Languages has its own rules of grammar.

10

Phonological rules-

Sound of words.

11

Syntactic rules-

Structure of words.
Ex: Vodka makes you're sick when you're well.
Vodka, when you're sick, makes you well.

12

Semantic rules-
1. Denotative meaning-
2. Connotative meaning-

Meaning of words.
1. Dictionary meaning.
2. Interpretive meaning.

13

Pragmatic rules-

Emphasized how language is used in specific situations. Context.

14

Pragmatic rules
Speech Act Theory-

What people said and meant aren't coincide.
Ex: Make a bet. Talking and doing it at the same time.
Ex: Anything could either be an excuse or criticism depends on how you take it as.

15

Conversational rules-

The way which communicators organize conservation.
Ex: If being asked, answer it. If you don't know, say so.

16

Contextual rules-

Governing what topic are appropriate in different environment.
Ex: You won't discuss certain thing during funerals.

17

IoL: Dialect-

Distinguish by vocab, grammar and pronunciation.

18

IoL: Lexical choice-

vocab.

19

IoL: Gender-

Men and women speaks in different dialects in the US.

20

IoL: Age (cohort effect)-

Generational differences (people born in same decade views the world in the same way.)

21

IoL: Regionality-

Transitioning from 1 region to another. Including habit and accent.

22

IoL: Ethnicity and Race-
Code-switching-

Can influence syntax, accent and word choice by speaking more languages.
Changing language or dialect in different situation.

23

IoL: Education and Occupation-
Jargon-

The more educated people are, the more similarity they speak.
Specialized terms in many professions.

24

Symbolic-
Name-

Something that stands for something else.
Symbol stands for you.

25

Words-

Are symbols that represent certain things.
Simplify amount of info.

26

Powerless speech mannerisms-

Can make you appear less authoritative or socially attractive.

27

Hedges-

"I think, kinda, um, well"

28

Hesitations-

um, uh, hm...

29

Tag questions-

isn't it???

30

Disclaimer-

I probably shouldn't say this, but...

31

"Thank you" and "sorry"

"thank you" and "sorry"

32

Dis-confirmation-

Ignore a person's present.

33

Confirmation-

Acknowledging people.

34

Nominalist-

Any idea can be expressed in any language.