Chapter 9- Close Relationships Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9- Close Relationships Deck (21):
1

Attraction Theory-

3 forces that guide attraction to each other.


1. Proximity
2. Interpersonal Attractiveness
3. Similarity

2

Attraction Theory:
1. Proximity-

Become friends surround you, not far away.

3

Attraction Theory:
2. Interpersonal Attractiveness
- Social Attractiveness-

- Task Attractiveness-

- Social attractiveness- social skills, being friendly, open.
- Task attractiveness- co-worker. Work in similar way.

4

Attraction Theory:
3. Similarity
- Complementary-
- Competency-

- Complementarity- Opposite works as long as what is opposite is complementary.
- Competency- More attract to people w/ flaws since it remind us of ourselves.

5

Uncertainty Reduction Theory-

Understanding how people forms relationship by strangers communication.

6

Uncertainty Reduction Strategies.
- Passive-

unobtrusive (un-coercive).

7

URS:
Active-

Third party questioning or cyber bullying.

8

URS
Interactive-

Directly ask the person Qs.

9

Social Exchange Theory
Reward - Cost

Profit over Loss.

10

SET
Rewards-

Tangible and intangible. Companionship.

11

SET
Cost-

Tangible and intangible. Time, lose friends...

12

SET
Comparison level-

What you consider a minimal expectations, needs, and desires...

13

SET
Important Points-

Everyone of us weights reward and cost differently.

14

Equity Theory-

We want a relationship where the other have same reward/ cost ratio than us.

15

Knapp's Stages of Relational Development
1. Initiating Stage-
2. Experimenting Stage-

3. Intensifying Stage-
4. Integrating Stage-
5. Bonding Stage-

1. Introduction to someone.
2. Sharing low risk info. Small talk to each other.

- Goal- see if you can go further.
- Small talk- if have nothing, then move along. If there's something in common, then move to third stage.
3. A date to know each other. Share something together.
4. Become a couple.
5. Ceremony.

16

Knapp's Stages of Relational Deterioration
1. Differentiating-
2. Circumscribing-
3. Stagnating stage-
4. Avoiding stage-
5. Terminating stage-

1. When couple increase their interpersonal distance.
2. Talk less about important things, talk about safe topics- no argument.
3. No growth involve in relationship. Becomes dull and routine.
4. Withdraw from other person.
5. Ends the relationship.

17

Turning point model-

A kiss, a hug, "I love you"

18

Relational Dialectics-

Opposing forces that are continuous and normal in personal relationships.

19

Relational ideals-

Closeness, certainty, openness.

20

Internal Dialectical Tensions-
- Connection-
- Predictability-
- Openness-

Tension as push pull.
- Autonomy (time spent together).
- Novelty (routine, doing the same thing).
- Closeness (self-disclosure).

21

Ending Relationships
A Passing away-
B Sudden death-

A Slowly ending it.
B Ends abruptly.