Flashcards in Chapter 3 Pre Test Deck (19):
A system that distributes power between state and national governments
Government in which the national government holds the ultimate authority
Specific powers granted by the US Constitution to the national government
General revenue-sharing grants are a central component of the process of devolution, which is a policy
To remove a program from one level of government by delegating it or passing it down to a lower form of government
How did the Great Depression affect the nature of federalism in the United States?
It brought a dramatic increase in the growth and power of the national government over commerce, though for the most part state power was not directly curtailed
In what specific way did the Obama administration grant more power to the state's than had the George W. Bush administration?
It reversed the Bush policy of preemption in certain areas by granting more control in the areas of social policy and the environment
In what way did the comity clause seek to promote national unity
It prevented states from discriminating against someone from another state or giving special privileges to their own residents
The powers not delegated to the United States by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people
The US Supreme Court upheld the right of the national government to create a national bank and reaffirmed the notion of national supremacy in which landmark case?
McCulloch v. Maryland
Requires that each state's laws be honored by the other states
Full faith and credit clause
The necessary and proper clause of the US Constitution is the source of which of the following powers?
The power delegates by a state to a local unit of government to manage its own affairs is known as
A federal law that requires the states to do certain things but does not provide state governments with the funding to implement these policies
State governments have more powers granted to them
Which government traditionally has the authority to regulate fundamental matters referred to as police powers?
What same sex case expanded civil rights
Obergefell v Hodges
What has been a key characteristic of federalism in the United States since the year 2009?
Greater state initiative in the realm of immigration law and policy due to federal inaction
Which type of gravy provides the most control to state and local governments in the distribution of federal grants-in-aid?