Chapter 3, Race and Ethnic Inequality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3, Race and Ethnic Inequality Deck (32):
1

Ethnic group

Distinguished by others or themselves on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics, ex. language, country of origin, adherence to culture

2

Race

Social construct, classification based on social and political values, rather than as a biological given

3

Racialized group

Group who has been highlighted by others/themselves as inferior or superior on the basis of subjectively selected physical characteristics, ex. skin colour, eye shape

4

Discrimination

Harmful actions/practises of a dominant group on a subordinate group

5

Roots of Race

1. classification schemes; somewhat arbitrary, skin colour (why not eye colour?),
2. political: racial purity is a myth, therefore the roots of race are highly politicized, human beings perceive others to be different and we use those perceptions justify differential treatment, SI

6

Majority group

Aka dominant group, advantaged, better access to resources with which to enhance your rights in society, determined by ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, disability

7

Minority groups,aka subordinate groups

Disadvantaged, subject to discrimination, regards itself as an object of discriminations, ex. people of colour, disabled, LGBT

8

White privilege

Privilege given to people with white skin

9

Internalized dominance

The ways white people learn they are normal, feel included, don't think of themselves as other/different

10

Racism

Attitudes, beliefs, practices that we use to justify the superior treatment of one racialized group and the inferior treatment of one racialized group

11

Ethnocentrism

The assumption that one's own group/way of life is superior to another's, positive and negative ways we understand our ways ad better

12

Prejudice

Negative attitudes about people based on different characteristics, ex. racialization, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation

13

Stereotypes

Over generalizing, based on issues of appearance, behaviour and other characteristics of all members of a group

14

Generalizations

Ideas we have about a people, more open to revision and more easily rejected

15

Individual discrimination

Ine-on-one acts from the dominant group that harm members of a subordinate group, their property

16

Institutionalized discrimination

Day to day actions of organizations that has a harmful impact on members of subordinate groups

17

Anti-Semitism

Discrimination and prejudice against Jews

18

Interpersonal racism

More polite but implicit form of racism

19

Institutional racism

More explicit/intentions

20

Systemic racism

Unintentional racism, embedded in the organization, "the way the system works", ex. police force/firefighter, weight and height restrictions

21

Societal racism

General and unconscious patterns that perpetuate the racialized order, ex. skin colour

22

Everyday racism

General and seemingly benign ideas about superiority/inferiority of a certain group inside society, ex. things we give witness/allowance to, are we embracing the other?, sometimes no intent to offend

23

Active racism

Acts that intend to exclude or make them feel inferior because of their minority group status

24

Passive racism

Being complicit in another's racism

25

Cultural racism

Values that reinforce the interests of the dominant group and undermine the interests of the subordinate group, ex. hostility to employment equity

26

Racialized socialization

Social interaction that contains messages and practices about the nature of racialized groups, ex. personal and group identity, inter-group and individual relationships, your position in the s.e.s hierarchy

27

White racial bonding

Whites bonding together, us vs. them, due to living near similar people and socializing with them

28

Assimilation

Being absorbed into the dominant culture

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Amalgamation

Blending attributes from different groups to form a new society

30

The cost of living squeeze

People who have experienced no or minimal raises over the years, which doesn't match inflation, conflict theory

31

Gendered racism

How race and sex intersects, exploits visible minority women, ex. First Nations women, feminist theory

32

Intersectionality

The myriad ways in which oppressions are linked, feminist theory