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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (61):
1

The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavities of the body

Serous membrane

2

The epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to the exterior membrane

Mucous membrane

3

Consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.

Cutaneous

4

Found lining the digestive and respiratory tracts

Mucous membrane

5

Makes up the pleura and pericardium.

Serous membrane

6

Lines blood vessels and the heart

Endothelium

7

Derived from mesenchyme

Tendon

8

Has a surface to which nothing is attached.

Skin epidermis

9

Moves blood through the body

Cardiac muscle

10

Moves food through the GI tract

Smooth muscle

11

the regeneration capacity of Smooth muscle

Moderate regenerative ability

12

the regeneration capacity of Skeletal muscle

Weak regenerative ability

13

the regeneration capacity of Cardiac muscle

Virtually no functional regenerative ability

14

the regeneration capacity of Areolar connective tissue

Regenerates extremely well

15

the regeneration capacity of tendons and ligaments

Moderate regenerative ability

16

1) Which of the following is NOT found in cartilage but is found in bone?
A) living cells
B) lacunae
C) blood vessels
D) organic fibers

C) blood vessels

17

The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength, which allows them to absorb shock, is because they possess ________.

collagen fibers

18

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels

bone (osseous tissue)

19

How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic cartilage or fibrocartilage

Fibers are not normally visible

20

The primary blast cell for connective tissue proper is the ________.

fibroblast

21

Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelia?

Golgi apparatus

22

Which of the following is a modification of the simple columnar epithelium that allows for efficient absorption along portions of the digestive tract?

dense microvilli

23

A ciliated version of pseudostratified columnar epithelium containing mucus-secreting goblet cells ________.

lines most of the respiratory tract

24

Which of the following epithelia forms the walls of the air sacs across which gas exchange occurs in the lungs?

simple squamous

25

Which statement best describes connective tissue

usually contains a large amount of matrix

26

connective tissue extracellular matrix is composed of ________.

fibers and ground substance

27

Cell type NOT found in areolar connective tissue.

chondrocyte

28

A substance received or given off by your body will likely pass through which tissue type?

epithelial tissue

29

The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.

collagen

30

Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a common or related function form a(n) ________.

issue

31

The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.

elastic cartilage

32

inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which epithelial tissue?

simple columnar

33

Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________.

endocrine

34

Which of the following is true about epithelia

Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs.

35

Chondroblasts ________.

within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix

36

________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane

Pseudostratified columnar

37

A many-layered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as ________.

stratified squamous

38

Edema (swelling) occurs when ________.

areolar tissue soaks up excess fluid in an inflamed area

39

Which of the following is true about the mode of secretion of exocrine glands?

Merocrine glands are not altered by the secretory process

40

Heart muscle cells would tend to separate without

intercalated discs

41

Arteries, veins, and lymphatics keep clots from sticking as long as their ________ is intact and healthy.

endothelium

42

Which is true concerning muscle tissue?

highly cellular and well vascularized

43

The first step in tissue repair involves ________.

inflammation

44

What are the three main components of connective tissue?

ground substance, fibers, and cells

45

Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue

Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength

46

Select the correct statement regarding the stem cells of connective tissue

"Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.

47

Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair.

inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable.

48

Select the correct statement regarding epithelia.

Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important.

49

Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.

its primary function is nutrient storage.

50

Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells?

goblet cells

51

Which of the following is NOT a step in tissue repair?

formation of new stem cells

52

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.

embryonic

53

Which tissue type would likely function to hold the kidneys in place?

adipose

54

Which tissue type is formed by many cells joining together, each contributing a nucleus?

skeletal muscle

55

Choose which tissue type likely functions to add support to an organ.

hyaline cartilage

56

Your instructor gives you an unknown organ for you to examine and identify through microscopy. What should you do first with the sample?

fix it with preservative

57

Choose which tissue would line the uterine (fallopian) tubes and function as a "conveyer belt" to help move a fertilized egg towards the uterus.

ciliated simple columnar epithelium

58

Skin, lung, and blood vessel walls have which tissue characteristic in common?A) reticular fibers

elastic fibers

59

Generally speaking, connective tissues are largely non-living extracellular matrix. Which of the following is an EXCEPTION?

adipose

60

The salivary glands are a good example of a(n) ________ exocrine gland.

compound tubuloalveolar

61

Which tissue in the wall of the uterus is required for labor contractions?

smooth muscle