Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (61):
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavities of the body
The epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to the exterior membrane
Consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.
Found lining the digestive and respiratory tracts
Makes up the pleura and pericardium.
Lines blood vessels and the heart
Derived from mesenchyme
Has a surface to which nothing is attached.
Moves blood through the body
Moves food through the GI tract
the regeneration capacity of Smooth muscle
Moderate regenerative ability
the regeneration capacity of Skeletal muscle
Weak regenerative ability
the regeneration capacity of Cardiac muscle
Virtually no functional regenerative ability
the regeneration capacity of Areolar connective tissue
Regenerates extremely well
the regeneration capacity of tendons and ligaments
Moderate regenerative ability
1) Which of the following is NOT found in cartilage but is found in bone?
A) living cells
C) blood vessels
D) organic fibers
C) blood vessels
The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength, which allows them to absorb shock, is because they possess ________.
What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels
bone (osseous tissue)
How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic cartilage or fibrocartilage
Fibers are not normally visible
The primary blast cell for connective tissue proper is the ________.
Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelia?
Which of the following is a modification of the simple columnar epithelium that allows for efficient absorption along portions of the digestive tract?
A ciliated version of pseudostratified columnar epithelium containing mucus-secreting goblet cells ________.
lines most of the respiratory tract
Which of the following epithelia forms the walls of the air sacs across which gas exchange occurs in the lungs?
Which statement best describes connective tissue
usually contains a large amount of matrix
connective tissue extracellular matrix is composed of ________.
fibers and ground substance
Cell type NOT found in areolar connective tissue.
A substance received or given off by your body will likely pass through which tissue type?
The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a common or related function form a(n) ________.
The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.
inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which epithelial tissue?
Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________.
Which of the following is true about epithelia
Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs.
within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix
________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane
A many-layered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as ________.
Edema (swelling) occurs when ________.
areolar tissue soaks up excess fluid in an inflamed area
Which of the following is true about the mode of secretion of exocrine glands?
Merocrine glands are not altered by the secretory process
Heart muscle cells would tend to separate without
Arteries, veins, and lymphatics keep clots from sticking as long as their ________ is intact and healthy.
Which is true concerning muscle tissue?
highly cellular and well vascularized
The first step in tissue repair involves ________.
What are the three main components of connective tissue?
ground substance, fibers, and cells
Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue
Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength
Select the correct statement regarding the stem cells of connective tissue
"Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.
Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair.
inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable.
Select the correct statement regarding epithelia.
Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important.
Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.
its primary function is nutrient storage.
Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells?
Which of the following is NOT a step in tissue repair?
formation of new stem cells
Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.
Which tissue type would likely function to hold the kidneys in place?
Which tissue type is formed by many cells joining together, each contributing a nucleus?
Choose which tissue type likely functions to add support to an organ.
Your instructor gives you an unknown organ for you to examine and identify through microscopy. What should you do first with the sample?
fix it with preservative
Choose which tissue would line the uterine (fallopian) tubes and function as a "conveyer belt" to help move a fertilized egg towards the uterus.
ciliated simple columnar epithelium
Skin, lung, and blood vessel walls have which tissue characteristic in common?A) reticular fibers
Generally speaking, connective tissues are largely non-living extracellular matrix. Which of the following is an EXCEPTION?
The salivary glands are a good example of a(n) ________ exocrine gland.