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Flashcards in chapter 7 Deck (42):
1

The bones in the skull have many different names but what are the boundaries of each bone? Where do they start and stop?

Bones of the skull are separated by immobile joints called sutures.

2

Which of the following can be considered a function of the paranasal sinuses?

Sinuses take away a minimal amount of strength from bones while reducing the weight of bones.

3

Which of the bones of the skull would you most associate with hearing and balance?

the temporal bone

4

Which of the following would be most associated with housing the special sense organs?

the facial bones

5

Which of the following would be most associated with process of warming and humidifying inhaled air?

the paranasal sinuses

6

Which is the best description for the function of the cranial bones?

protection of the brain

7

The sphenoid bone is sometimes referred to as a "key stone" of the skull. This is due to the fact that ________.

he sphenoid is in the center of the skull and it articulates (joins) with all of the other bones of the skull (excluding the mandible)

8

The sella turcica is part of the ________ bone and houses the ________ gland.

sphenoid; pituitary

9

The hypothalamus is a region of the brain controlling many aspects of the endocrine system. It works closely with the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus is directly superior to the pituitary and is therefore ________.

superior to the sella turcica

10

Curvatures of the spine serve the body by ________.

giving additional springiness and flexibility to the spine which absorbs shock

11

When looking at the range of motion of the various sections of the vertebral column the ________ has the most flexibility

cervical spine

12

The range of motion as well as the direction of motion for the various regions of the spine differs. For example the lumbar spine is capable of flexion and extension but little rotational movement. While the thoracic spine rotates with little flexion or extension. This is due to variation in ________.

the orientation of the superior and inferior articular facets

13

The anatomy of the thoracic cage provides ridged support and protection but at the same time is also flexible and mobile. Of the list below, which feature does not aid in the flexibility and movement of the thoracic cage?

the jugular notch

14

The glenohumeral joint that articulates the humerus to the pectoral girdle is a highly mobile joint. This mobility comes at a cost because ________.

the joint is relatively unstable and can easily dislocate

15

Of the list below select the one that gives the least explanation for the relatively high mobility of the arms.

The subscapular notch is a passage way for nerves.

16

The proximal end of the ulna illustrates the relationship of form and function. The rounded trochlear notch articulates with the hourglass shape of the trochlea. This forms a joint that allows for ________.

the hinge like motion of the forearm

17

The proximal end of the radius illustrates the relationship of form and function. The cup-like surface of the radial head articulates with the rounded shape of the capitulum. This forms a joint that allows for ________.

the rotational motion of the forearm

18

The axial skeleton includes ________.

the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage

19

Which vertebra does not have a body?

atlas

20

The suture that connects the two parietal bones together is the ________.

sagittal

21

The hyoid bone is unique because it ________.

is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone

22

Along with support, the anterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column also acts to ________.

prevent hyperextension of the spine

23

What are the major functions of the intervertebral discs?

o absorb shock and provide flexibility to the spine

24

Paranasal sinuses are found in which of these facial bones?

maxillae

25

Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?

scoliosis

26

Which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body?

the lumbar region

27

Which bone acts as a moveable base for the tongue?

hyoid bone

28

Thoracic vertebrae differ from the other vertebrae in that they have ________.

costal facets

29

What is the major function of the axial skeleton?

provide central support for the body and protect internal organs

30

The antebrachium is composed of which of the following two bones?

the radius and the ulna

31

The "true wrist" or carpus consists of ________.

a group of eight short bones united by ligaments

32

Which bone is in direct contact with the first metatarsal?

medial cuneiform

33

Which bone forms the prominence of the cheek?

zygomatic bone

34

The superior orbital fissure is formed in the sphenoid bone, whereas the inferior orbital fissure is formed between the sphenoid and ________.

maxilla

35

Which of the following is the abnormal curve often seen in pregnant women as they attempt to preserve their center of gravity toward the end of the pregnancy?

lordosis

36

How are thoracic vertebrae 11 and 12 different from the other vertebrae?

The transverse processes do not have facets that articulate with the tubercles of the ribs.

37

The superior nasal concha is a part of which bone?

ethmoid

38

The pelvic girdle does not include the ________.

femur

39

Which of the following bones is not weight bearing?

fibula

40

Which portion of the fibula articulates with the talus?

lateral malleolus

41

Which part of the ethmoid bone forms the superior part of the nasal septum?

perpendicular plate

42

Which of the following is not a movement that can occur between vertebrae?

supination