Chapter 4- Communicating, perceiving, and understanding Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Communicating, perceiving, and understanding Deck (20):
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Perception-

nhan thuc. Identities influence

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3 stages of perceptions:
1. Selection-
2.Organization-
3. Interpretation-

1. Choosing which information to focus on.
2. Recognize what input represents.
3. Evaluation.

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1. Selection-
Selective attention-
Selective exposure-

- Choosing which information to focus on.
- attending to a narrow range of information available and ignore the remainder.
- People expose themselves to external stimuli in a selective way.

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1. Organization-
Schema-

- Recognize what input represents.
- Your understanding of a concept.

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Perceptual schema (cognitive representation)-

Ability to form mental model of the world. Organizing raw data.

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Physical schemata (Prototypes)-

An idealized concept.

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Interaction schemata (Scripts)-

Fixed sequence of events that acts as a guide for communication.

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Stereotyping-

Creating schema that overgeneralize specific group.

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3. Interpretation-

Evaluation.

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Frames-

Shapes how people interpret their perceptions.

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Influences on interpretation

1) Degree of involvement
2) Relational satisfaction
3) Past experience
4) Assumptions about human behavior
5) Expectations
6) Knowledge of Others

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Influences on Perception-

Physiological Influences
Psychological Influences
Social Influences

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Standpoint theory-

View point toward particular issue based on their own perspective.

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Consensus-

Similarity to others

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Consistency (Stability)-

Similarity over time

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Distinctiveness (Specificity)-

Similarity in different situations

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Controllability (Responsibility)-

Was behavior in person’s control or not?

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Confident attribution-

high in all four (consensus, consistency, distinctiveness, controllability); other combo still offer meaningful information.

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Fundamental Attribution Error occurs when

1. Negative behaviors to external factors.
2. Positive behaviors to internal factors.
3. Benefit

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Other cues to base inferences:

1. Social Desirability and Role- your position in society.